Convulsion with fever, also known as febrile seizure, body spasms, or shaking, occurs primarily in children. As with most types of seizures, the onset is dramatic, with little or no warning. They affect kids 3 months to 6 years old and are most common in toddlers between twelve months and eighteen months.
What is convulsion with fever in children?
A convulsion with fever in children is also called a febrile seizure. It most often happens between the ages of three months and three years. In most cases, convulsions with fever are not indicated an ongoing problem. It typically lasts a few seconds up to a minute, but can go on for as long as 15 minutes.
What are the causes of convulsion with fever in children?
A convulsion with fever can make parents or babysitters frightened. However, it is usually harmless and the child commonly does not have a more severe long-term health problem. A convulsion with fever tends to run in families.
Most convulsions happen in the first 24 hours of an illness, and may not occur when the fever is highest. Ear infections, a cold or viral illness may cause a convulsion with fever.
What are the symptoms of a convulsion with fever?
A convulsion with fever may develop from mild to serious condition. A simple convulsion with fever can result in a brief period of drowsiness or confusion. Some symptoms may include sudden tightening (contraction) of muscles on both sides of a child’s body. The muscle tightening may last for several seconds or longer; the child may cry or moan; the child doesn’t have the ability to stand. Sometimes, children do not breathe and may begin to turn blue. The child’s body may then begin to jerk rhythmically. He or she will not respond to the parent’s voice.
In babies and kids, it is important to eliminate other reasons of a first-time seizure, especially meningitis (bacterial infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord).
What should I do if my child is having a convulsion with fever?
If your child is having a convulsion with fever, stay calm and place them in the recovery position. Firstly, you should keep your child away from sources of danger and remove nearby objects that are sharp or hard. Do not hold your child down or try to stop his movements. If you can, roll your child gently on his side or roll his head to the side so that any fluids can drain out of his mouth. You should put something soft like a folded jacket under your child’s head and then remove any tight clothing, especially around your child’s neck. Do not try to put anything in your child’s mouth. This could trigger choking or broken teeth. Try to inform your child’s doctor how long the convulsion lasts. If it lasts less than 3 minutes, take your child to the doctor or clinic or a hospital emergency department right away. If it lasts more than 3 minutes, call an ambulance immediately. If your child has a convulsion and does not have a fever, or if your child is unwell, then you need to see a doctor regardless of how long the convulsion lasts.
How can I prevent a convulsion with fever?
Because a convulsion with fever can be the first sign of illness, it is usually not hard to avoid them. A convulsion with fever does not mean that your child is not getting the proper care.
Occasionally, a health care provider will prescribe diazepam to prevent or treat convulsions with fever that happen more than once. Nevertheless, no medication is totally effective in preventing convulsions with fever.
A convulsion with fever may be frightening for the witnesses. But remember you can always help by keeping your child safe during a convulsion with fever and by comforting him or her afterward. Fortunately, convulsions with fever often go away on their own when the child is older.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
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