First Aid for Superficial Cuts and Wounds

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In daily life, people can’t help but appear to get superficial cuts and wounds. This article will show reader guidelines to handle these minor injuries properly.

Preparation

Use clean water and sterile soap to wash your hand thoroughly. This will help to prevent infections during the first aid procedure. If possible, put on a pair of disposable gloves for double protection.

The first aid

Stop the wounds from bleeding

Normally, superficial cuts or wounds will stop bleeding by itself. However, if they can’t, follow these steps:

  • Put a clean cloth, tissue or gauze on the wound.
  • Give direct pressure to the covered area until the bleeding stops.
  • If the bleeding is so heavy that it gets the cloth wet, apply extra layers of cloth or gauze to the former wet one in stead of removing it and change with the new ones. Continue to press the cuts or wounds harder.
  • If the wound is on the limb, raise it over the level of the heart to slow down the bleeding speed.
  • If the artificial cuts do not stop bleeding after the pressure, apply a tourniquet.
  • If the cuts stop bleeding, wash your hands again and prepare to clean and cover cuts.

Clean the wounds

This step will help reduce the risks of infection and tetanus.

  • Use clean water to gently wash the wound. Dab it dry with clean and soft cloth or tissue.
  • With the areas around the wound, wash them with sterile soap. Do not let the soap enter the wound as it can lead to irritation. Avoid using hydrogen peroxide for it can bring about skin damage.
  • If there are strange particles present in the wounds, use sterile tweezers to remove them. if you fail to get rid of them, do not try harder but let it be and go to the doctor. Excessive touching can make the wounds become more serious.

Protect the artificial cuts or wounds from further damage

  • Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment or cream to the wound to keep it moist. This will prevent infections and encourage the natural healing process. However, if there are signs of rash or discomfort, stop using these substances.
  • Cover the wound with sterile bandages. This will keep the wound clean and prevent the bacteria from infesting it. Nonetheless, with minor injuries like a scrape, it’s better to leave it uncovered.

After the first aid

  • Change the bandages everyday to keep the wound clean. Avoid water exposure since it makes the wound wet and discourage the healing process.
  • Unlike artificial cuts, with severe or deep cuts, go to the medical center to get some stitches.
  • Watch out for signs of infections. If the wound appears to have redness, swelling or intense pain, seek medical help.
  • Have tetanus shot to avoid complications.

When to see a doctor?

Seek professional help if:

  • The wound is deep with the gaping open
  • The wound is on the chest, abdomen or face
  • The foreign object in the wound can’t be removed
  • The bleeding won’t stop after 10 minutes of heavy pressure
  • The wound show signs of infections, numbness with discharge or the person has a fever
  • The person is suspected to have internal damage

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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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