Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection in the vagina that develops when the balance of vaginal bacteria environment is broken. Although bacteria vaginosis is not a serious condition, it can lead to harmful complications if not being treated well. Knowing the typical symptoms can help us to indicate the trouble and seek treatment as soon as possible. This article suggests the most common signs of bacterial vaginosis that you should know.
What are the complications of bacteria vaginosis?
While bacterial vaginosis is a common infection in women from the age 18-44. It can lead to some serious complications. Some complications are:
- An increased susceptibility to HIV infection if exposed to the HIV virus, and an increased risk of other sexually-transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.
- Increased risk of infection following surgical procedures such as hysterectomies and abortions.
- Increased risk of complications during pregnancy, such as premature delivery and low birth weight.
- An increased risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease, which is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes and can lead to infertility.
How to realize bacterial vaginosis early?
You should regularly take care of your vagina. If one or more following signs appears, you should not ignore, cause you are at risk of bacterial vaginosis. The best solution is to visit a gynecologist to be treated well.
Unusual vaginal discharge
The most common symptom is a smelly vaginal discharge. Bacteria vaginosis is often accompanied by thin gray or dark color discharge. Sometimes you can discover your vagina smells fishy, which may be worse after sexual activity.
Burning sensation while urinating
Some women experience a burning sensation during urination. The pain can be at the start of urination or after urination. Pain on the outside of the vaginal area may be caused by inflammation or irritation of this sensitive skin.
Itching around the outside of the vagina
The outside of the vagina may become itchy, though the itchiness is normally mild. The itchiness can happen in some cases, but it is not a common signs of bacterial vaginosis.
Discomfort during intercourse
Discomfort might be caused by the above mentioned symptoms. If the symptoms become unbearable and prevent you from enjoying sex, you should see your doctor to have a proper diagnosis.
Take a test for bacterial vaginosis
If our vagina is healthy, you would have a pH level of 3.8 to 4.5. In people with bacterial vaginosis, the vaginal pH level is often higher than 4.5. However, this test does not confirm the condition. The most certain way to confirm is by having a swab test, where a technician will take a sample of your vaginal discharge for further testing.
You should also notice that bacterial vaginosis sometimes has no symptoms. Some women with bacteria vaginosis experience no obvious signs or symptoms at all. This is unfortunate because if left untreated, bacteria vaginosis can lead to more serious health issues.
Bacterial vaginosis is a very common infection. Women once experiencing mentioned symptoms should remember to seek for medical consultant and proper treatment right away to prevent further health complications caused by untreated bacterial vaginosis.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Bacterial vaginosis: Symptoms and causes. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bacterial-vaginosis/symptoms-causes/dxc-20198414. Accessed July 12, 2016.
Bacterial Vaginosis – Symptoms. http://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/tc/bacterial-vaginosis-symptoms. Accessed July 12, 2016.
Bacterial vaginosis http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/bacterialvaginosis/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Accessed July 12, 2016.
Complications of bacterial vaginosis. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Bacterialvaginosis/Pages/Complications.aspx. Accessed July 12, 2016.
Vaginal wet mouth. http://www.webmd.com/women/vaginal-wet-mount. Accessed July 12, 2016.