What are the differences between Chronic Hepatitis B and C?


There are three common types of hepatitis that you may know. They are viral hepatitis namely as A, B, and C. However, hepatitis B and C are more dangerous than hepatitis A and both hepatitis B and C may lead to chronic hepatitis. In this article, we would point out what are the differences between hepatitis B and C.

Both viral hepatitis B and C have the similar symptoms, such as fever, flu-like symptoms, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of appetite, and jaundice. However, there are some differences between them.

Hepatitis B

This type of viral hepatitis can be either acute or chronic condition. Almost all people who have acute hepatitis B don’t end up progressing to a chronic condition. Hepatitis B is known as the reason lead to chronic liver diseases such as cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer when it spreads from an infected person’s fluids (such as blood or semen) to others even in microscopic amounts. Furthermore, there are many ways that hepatitis B can be transmitted, including:

  • From an infected mother to a baby
  • Sex with an infected person or without protection
  • Sharing equipment which is contaminated with blood of an infected person
  • Sharing personal items with patients such as toothbrush, towels
  • Living in a poor infection control

Usually, your doctor may suggest taking a confirmation test to check some special antibodies or hepatitis B antigen present in your body or not. To prevent hepatitis B, you need to take a vaccine. In case you have acute hepatitis, there is no medication available, you are addressed through supportive care. But if you have a chronic condition, your doctor may suggest regular monitoring or using medications.

Hepatitis C

Unlike hepatitis B or A, people with hepatitis C may or may not have the symptoms. This health condition lasts from a few weeks to a serious life-long infection and it is the reason of liver cancer and liver transplants.

Hepatitis C is spread from blood of an infected person to the body of someone who isn’t infected. Also, you can have hepatitis C if you share equipment with an infected person or live in a poor infection control. To diagnosis this condition, your doctor may suggest a confirmation test to look at the amount of hepatitis C RNA in your blood.

However, those people who have hepatitis C can’t be vaccinated because there is no vaccine for hepatitis C. To treat hepatitis C, based on your virus genotype, your doctor prescribes medications to help clear the hepatitis C virus from your system.

Moreover, it’s possible that a person can have both hepatitis B and C at the same time. In some cases, hepatitis C can be completely cured.

Whatever symptoms you notice or you think that you have hepatitis B and C, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Also, remember to pay attention to your healthy lifestyle to protect your liver from additional damage such as avoiding alcohol, eating a healthy diet, using condoms when having sex and living a healthy life.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

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