You may have experienced a situation where there is blood in your or your loved ones’ urine. So what can be the causes of this health concern and what treatment should you take? The article below will give you further information on this matter.
Blood can appear in your urine due to the fact that your kidneys – or other parts of the urinary tract allow blood cells to leak into the urine. There are a number of reasons bringing about blood in urine, including:
Urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections usually occur when bacteria have a chance to multiply themselves in your bladder after entering your body through the urethra. Symptoms indicating urinary tract infections include a constant urge to urinate, burning and pain while urination and significant strong-smelling urine.
Kidney infections, or also known as pyelonephritis may occur when bacteria move up from the uterus to your kidneys, or when bacteria have the chance to enter your kidneys from the bloodstream. Kidney infections often share the same signs as symptoms of urinary tract infections, even though it is more likely to bring about fever and flank pain.
A bladder or kidney stone
A bladder or kidney stone occurs when there are too many minerals that they formed into crystals on the wall of your kidneys or bladder. After a period of time, the crystals become small, hard stones. Generally, the stones do not cause any pain and you may not notice the existence of them until they cause a blockage or being passed. Nevertheless, if they cause pain, then it’s definitely the symptom of a bladder or kidney stone since they can be excruciatingly painful.
Visible bleeding in urinary can be an indicator of advanced kidney, bladder or prostate cancer. These are extremely dangerous since they do not exhibit any signs or symptoms during the early stages when the cancers are more treatable.
A hereditary defect of hemoglobin in red blood cells, known as sickle cell anemia can be the reason why there is blood in your urine. When you have inherited disorders, blood in the urine can be observed both by eyes and microscopic hematuria. Same goes for Alport syndrome since its effect on the filtering membranes in the glomeruli of the kidneys can cause blood in urine.
When you experience internal bleeding from an accident or contact sports, it is very likely that you will see blood in the urine.
Even though it rarely happens, however, it is the fact that strenuous exercise can lead to gross hematuria. It is suspected to be because of the trauma the exercises caused to the bladder, dehydration or the breakdown of red blood cells.
Since hematuria has no specific treatment, your health care provider will instead focus on dealing with the underlying problems. Antibiotics to clear the urinary tract infection, or a prescription medication to shrink the enlarged prostate, or shock wave therapy to break up bladder or kidney stones might be included.
If there is no underlying problem, then no treatment is required.
It would be for the best that you visit the clinic at least once a year to make sure that your body and the urinary tract is functioning properly.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: February 16, 2017 | Last Modified: February 13, 2017
Blood in urine (hematuria). http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blood-in-urine/basics/causes/con-20032338 Accessed January 28, 2017
Blood in urine (haematuria). http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/blood-in-urine/Pages/Introduction.aspx Accessed January 28, 2017
Blood in Urine (Hematuria). http://www.medicinenet.com/blood_in_urine/article.htm Accessed January 28, 2017