Cough is the normal reaction of your body to any impact from the external factors. That is also the warning sign that something wrong is happening to your health. However, many people still underestimate cough and the symptoms that can come along it. This article will give useful information about 7 types of coughs and what they really mean.
What is a cough?
People cough to clear the throat and breathing passage if foreign particles, microbes, irritants, fluids or mucus get stuck there. However, if people have a serious and persistent cough, it may be a sign of complicated medical conditions.
Process of a cough includes 3 main phases:
- An inhalation (breathing in)
- An increased pressure in the throat and lungs with the vocal cords closed
- An explosive release of air (When the vocal cords open), giving a cough its characteristic sound.
What are the causes of cough?
- Common cold: this is situation when your nose and throat have infection.
- Influenza (Flu): this is also a viral infection to your respiratory system such as your nose, throat and lung. Influenza is common known as the flu.
- Inhalation of an irritant
- Strained or pulled abdominal muscle
- Whooping cough: In other words, pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection. In many people, it’s marked by a severe hacking cough followed by a high-pitched intake of breath that sounds like “whoop.”
Signs of chronic cough
A chronic cough can occur with other signs and symptoms, which may include:
- A runny or stuffy nose
- A feeling of liquid running down the back of your throat (postnasal drip)
- Frequent throat clearing and sore throat
- Wheezing and shortness of breath
- Heartburn or a sour taste in your mouth
- In rare cases, there is blood going out along with cough
7 types of cough and what they mean
The list below shows 7 common kinds of cough and what you should know about them.
- Wet cough: the common reason of wet cough is bronchitis which occurs when your airways swell up and produce mucus. This symptom is usually related to a virus and it can expand after you have a cold.
- Smoker’s cough: this is a popular sign of COPD. In COPD, you have problem with breathing because of the restriction of your airways. Another symptom that related to COPD is tightness, wheezing, and the shortness of breath.
- Sour cough: A cough prolong for more than 2 months with a sour taste is a sign of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). It usually occurs when your stomach moves back to your throat.
- Dry cough: If you seem to cough at night for a long time without mucus, this is a sign of asthma. The symptoms that can come up with asthma for most people are chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath.
- Bloody cough: The cough may come from your lungs or airways. If you cough up blood, that can be a sign of another dangerous disease such as lung cancer.
- Cough with cold symptoms: this type of cough is a symptom of you catching a cold by the weather change; it is accompanied by a stuffy nose, body aches or sore throat.
- Wet cough with fever: This is sometimes a sign of pneumonia which includes fever, chills, and shortness of your breath. Your phlegm may be green, yellow or bloody.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: April 6, 2017 | Last Modified: April 6, 2017
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