You must have taken at least one type of drug in your whole life. Some are used more often and some are used less often. Your most commonly used drugs may be different from others’. Do you want to know what are the most popular types in your country – Malaysia? Read the article to find out.

Antibiotics

Antibiotics are drugs used to fight against bacterial infections. Since infections are extremely common, antibiotics are considered powerful treatment. If antibiotics are taken properly, they can treat several conditions or even save your life. Antibiotics work to kill bacteria, prevent them from developing and spreading. However, antibiotics cannot treat infections that come from viruses such as colds, flu, or a common sore throat. Several mild bacterial infections do not need antibiotics.

If you use antibiotics improperly or when you do not need them, your body may develop antibiotic resistance. This is a condition in which antibiotics cannot destroy bacteria as they did before. Thus, it is important to follow your doctor’s instruction. Do not stop the treatment too soon, even when you feel good. Do not use other person’s prescription or give your prescription to others.

Lipid modifying agents

Lipids are fats in your blood. Lipids and protein join together to create lipoproteins. There are three types of lipoproteins, including low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). Fats that are carried in your blood is called triglycerides.

Studies have shown that the lower the LDL, the better your health. If the levels of LDL are high, you are more likely to have coronary heart disease and stroke. Lipid modifying agents can help decrease LDL in your blood, reducing the risk of cardiovascular problems. These drugs are generally safe and side effects are infrequent. In case you, unfortunately, experience these side effects, they are mild. Muscle and liver dysfunction or interactions should be noticed.

Lipid modifying agents include several types, such as atorvastatin calcium, simvastatin, or pravastatin sodium.

Drugs used in diabetes

There are more and more people are diagnosed with diabetes. Thus, the number of people using anti-diabetes drugs is rising.

Diabetes is a chronic disease and it cannot be cured. When left untreated, it can high blood pressure, stroke, kidney disease or foot complications. Fortunately, with proper drugs and lifestyle modification, you can live a prolonged and healthful life.

Drugs used to manage diabetes include oral hypoglycemic agents such as sulphonylurea, glibenclamide, gliclazide, etc.; and insulin. These drugs help you keep your blood sugar in the healthy target.

Cardiovascular drugs

Drugs for cardiovascular disease are prescribed more and more often. Cardiovascular disease, also called heart disease, involves a group of heart problems. Cardiovascular disease occurs when your heart does not pump blood as well as it should, when the heart does not beat normally, or when the valves do not work properly.

Several types of drugs are used to control heart disease or lower the risk. Aspirin can be used to reduce inflammation (inflammation can cause a heart attack), prevent blood clots. Calcium channel blockers can be used to treat chest pain and high blood pressure. Ticlopidine is prescribed to reduce the risk of stroke.

Drugs used for acid-related disorders

Acid-related disorders involve several conditions that affect your stomach, esophagus, and duodenum. H2 antagonists such as ranitidine and cimetidine are used to reduce the release of acid. Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, and rabeprazole are used to reduce the production of gastric acid.

Drugs are essential in humans’ lives. They can treat or slow down the progression of several diseases. Hope this article help you know basic information about common drugs in Malaysia and how they are used.

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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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