What is micropenis?
Most of the time, a baby boy has a penis that is between 2.8 to 4.2 centimeters long with a circumference of 0.9 to 1.3 centimeters. Doctors get these measurements by gently stretching the penis and measuring from the base to the tip of the penis. A micropenis is one that is shorter and 1.9 centimeters. It’s believe that 1 out of 200 baby boys is born with micropenis.
What problems does having a micropenis cause?
A micropenis may cause several problems such as difficult urination and problems with sexual activities. Sometimes, micropenis is associated with a low sperm count, which may cause infertility or difficult conception. Psychologically, micropenis hurt a man’s self-esteem and even lead to depression.
What causes micropenis?
Micropenis often occurs with other disorders. Many of those with micropenis also experience hormone disorders which involve abnormal sexual hormones.
How is micropenis diagnosed?
A doctor may diagnose micropenis in babies with a physical examination. Then, they will refer the patient to other specialists such as:
- A pediatric urologist: A doctor who treats problems of the urinary tract and the male genital tract.
A pediatric endocrinologist: A doctor who treats problems related to hormones.
What is the treatment for micropenis?
A long time ago, the main treatment for micropenis used to be gender reassignment, meaning the parents would be advised to raise their baby boy as a girl. John Money, the founder of the Gender Identity Clinic at John Hopkins University Medical Centre in Baltimore, supported this method. His paper published in 1975 outlined the success of a gender reassignment study. In this study, a twin son was successfully raised as a girl. However, his study was then discredited. The baby boy who was raised as a girl decided to change back to his birth gender when he learned about the truth. Sadly, in 2004, he committed suicide.
These days, fortunately, treatment is available.
First, a doctor will assess:
- Your baby’s age, general health, and medical history.
- The severity of the condition
- Your baby’s tolerance for certain medications, procedures, or therapies
- Your own expectations and preferences
Although micropenis can’t be cured, hormone therapy has been shown to successfully stimulate penile growth. Surgery may help, but it should only serve as the last resort when nothing else works. Depending on the case, other options may be available. Talk to your baby’s doctor carefully about the pros, cons, and possible side effects of all treatments.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: November 18, 2017 | Last Modified: September 11, 2019