What is hodgkin lymphoma?

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Know the basics

What is non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer that develops in the lymphatic system. With this type of cancer, tumors develop from lymphocyte (white blood cells). This cell can be found in the lymph nodes, spleen and other organs of the immune system. The characteristics on which non-Hodgkin lymphoma can start in any part and it can spread to any organ in the body. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma types, but the most common is diffuse B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma.

How common is non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

People with weakened immune systems are more likely to suffer from non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The disease is more common in people over age 60 and men are more likely than women to develop the disease. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

The most common symptom when you get non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma:

  • Sweating a lot of night;
  • Fever and chills;
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, groin, or other areas;
  • Weight loss;
  • Cough or difficulty breathing;
  • Abdominal pain or bloating;
  • Do not like eating;
  • Constipation;
  • Nausea or vomiting;
  • Headache;
  • Convulsions.

There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

Call your doctor if these symptoms last without sign of abating. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.

Know the causes

What causes non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma occurs when the body makes too many lymphocytes. The overload lymphocytes accumulate in the lymph nodes as they swell and form tumors. These tumors may continue to grow and affect neighboring cells. Currently, the scientists are still not clear the cause of the abnormal division of cells, white blood cells. However, they said that lymphomas may develop in people with weakened immune systems such as those who have organ transplants or who have HIV.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

Factors that increase risk for non-Hodgin lymphoma, include:

  • The immune system inhibitor: if you get a transplant, you susceptible to non-Hodgkin lymphoma than due to immunosuppressive therapy reduces the ability to fight diseases of the body.
  • Infections some viruses and bacteria: virus-related non-Hodgkin lymphomas include HIV, Epstein-Barr virus and the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (the bacteria that cause peptic ulcers).
  • Chemicals: excessive exposure to chemicals such as herbicides and pesticides increases the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Age: the elderly (over 60 years) are often at risk of being infected by this time their immune system starts to weaken.

There are no risk factors does not mean you can not get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed?

The treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma based on age, health and the development of tumors. Usually, if the tumor is not overgrown and not cause serious symptoms, you do not need treatment, but doctors will monitor your health status regularly to make sure that the tumor has not yet spiral out of control.

In the case of large tumors and serious impact on health, the doctor might have the following treatments:

  • Chemotherapy: the doctor will give you medication or injections to destroy the cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy: Doctors use high-energy rays to treat tumors.
  • Transplantation of stem cells: stem cells will be transplanted into a healthy body to form new blood cells better.
  • Use of the drug has the ability to strengthen the immune system against cancer.

How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated?

The doctor will make the diagnosis based on medical history, clinical examination and blood tests. Lymph node biopsy or bone marrow will be taken to the diagnosis more accurate results. Also, in some cases, you will also be appointed doctors perform other tests like CT chest, abdomen and pelvis, and chest X-ray taking positron emission (PET).

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with non-Hodgkin lymphoma:

  • Re-examination appointments for monitoring progression of symptoms as well as your health.
  • Take your medicines as directed by your doctor, not arbitrarily medication not specified or arbitrarily abandon prescription drug was prescribed for you.
  • Inform your doctor about all medications you are taking.
  • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Dental care to prevent mouth ulcers.
  • Consider sending sperm or eggs to bank sperm / egg bank if you plan to have children.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

You might also like