What is diaper rash?

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Know the basics

What is diaper rash?

Diaper rash or diaper dermatitis, is a skin irritation underneath the area covered by diaper. This disease usually occur in wearing diaper stage of baby, it may make the skill became red shiny and make the baby uncomfortable. Diaper rash is often related to wet or infrequently changed diapers, skin sensitivity, and chafing. Diaper rash isn’t serious condition but don’t be careless because in severe cases, it can change into fungal form or bacterial infection.

How common is diaper rash?

Any baby who wears a diaper regularly can develop the condition.  According to research, more than 50% baby form 6 to 9 months have diaper rash. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of diaper rash?

Common signs and symptoms of diaper rash are redness and irritation in the diaper area. These symptoms usually begin with faint, raised, pink spots. Which seem to get larger and soon cover the diaper are if untreated. In the worst cases, skin may look red and begin to peel. Skin folds may become raw. Babies are usually fretful and fussy and crying, especially after urinating or moving the bowels. Diaper rash doesn’t usually cause a fever.

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If your baby’s skin doesn’t improve after a few days of home treatment, talk with your doctor. Sometimes, you’ll need a prescription medication to treat diaper rash.

Have your child examined if the rash:

  • Is severe or unusual.
  • Gets worse despite home treatment.
  • Bleeds, itches or oozes.
  • Causes burning or pain with urination or a bowel movement.
  • Is accompanied by a fever.

Know the causes

What causes diaper rash?

The causes of diaper rash can be irritating substances, yeast or bacteria trapped against the vulnerable and sensitive baby’s skin by the diaper. Materials such as synthetic absorbents in disposable diapers and germ-killing rinses can also cause irritation.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for diaper rash?

Risk factors for diaper rash include:

  • Baby’s diapers too tight.
  • You didn’t change your baby’s diaper frequently.
  • Your babies are irritated by washing powder or substances in diapers.
  • You do not dry your babies before put on diaper.
  • Your babies have diarrhea.
  • Your baby’s diapers have rough material.
  • The climate is hot and moist is  a favorable environment for diaper rash.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is diaper rash diagnosed?

Diaper rash is common. Most people who care for children know it when they see it. Sometimes, it’s still a good idea to call a doctor, who will offer an expert opinion based on prescriptions and other baby items. When you speak to your doctor, be prepared to discuss brands of diapers, lotions, detergents, and other household items your baby comes into contact with.

How is diaper rash treated?

Treatment includes use of creams and ointments on the skin (topical) and frequent diaper changes. If irritation from urine is the main problem, a simple ointment containing zinc oxide will often give relief. It should be applied at each diaper change, after the diaper are is gently cleaned with luke warm water and patted dry.

If the rash lasts even with these treatments, changing the tyer of diaper may help. Some babies are sensitive to chemicals in cloth diaper rinses, and others are irritated by synthetic materials in disposable diapers. Switching disposable brands or rinsing cloth diapers twice may solve the problem.

Doctor may prescribe antifungal cream if your baby has yeast infection or antibiotics if it develops bacterial infection.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage diaper rash?

Diaper rash usually involves considerable pain. To ease your baby’s discomfort:

  • Do your best to prevent diaper rash by keeping your baby’s diaper area as dry as possible
  • Leave the skin open to fresh air as much as possible
  • Diaper loosely, and change baby frequently
  • Use lukewarm water with a soft washcloth for cleaning the diaper area after the baby urinates. A small amount of baby bath can be used on the washcloth for cleaning after bowel movements
  • Apply zinc oxide or antiyeast ointment at each diaper change.
  • Call your doctor if the baby develops a fever
  • Call your doctor if the rash worsens despite home treatment or if it goes beyond the diaper area
  • Call your doctor if your baby refuses breast or bottle or if vomiting or diarrhea occurs.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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