What is contraception?

Contraception interferes with the process of conceiving a baby by keeping the sperm and the egg apart, or by keeping the fertilized egg from implanting itself into the lining of the uterus. Most contraception method are effective when used correctly. Common methods of contraception include:

Hormonal contraception

Hormonal contraception generally contains the combination from progestin & estrogen, or estrogen only. These contraceptiona are available in various forms, familiy planning pills, family planning injection, implant, patch, and vaginal ring.

Progestin and estrogen combination


  • Reduce bleeding during menstruation
  • Reduce PMS symptoms
  • Make menstrual cycle more orderly
  • Increase bones density
  • Reduce the risk of ovarian cancer & endometrium, stroke, salphingitis, rheumatism


  • Increase the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases
  • Increasing body weight
  • Can disturb obstruct breastmilk production
  • Does not reduce the risk of STDs

Methods that uses a combination of hormones are piils, injection, patch, vaginal ring. What are the advantages and disadvanteges of each method?

  • Family planning pills: must be consume everyday, does not interrupt the comfort of sexual intercourse.
  • Family planning injection: injected once a month.
  • Family planning Patch: easy to use, waterproof, does not interrupt the comfort of sexual intercourse, skin irritaion may occur.
  • Vaginal ring: easy to use, replaced once a month, relatively expensive, side effects can occur such as inflammation or vaginal discharge.



  • Does not cause hypertentension and cardiovascular diseases side effects.
  • Does not interrupt breastmilk production


  • Increasing body weight
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Does not reduce the risk of STDs
  • Methods that uses progestion are pills, injection, implant. What are the advantages and disadvantages of them?
  • Pills: must be taken at the same hour everyday.
  • Injection: injected once every 3 months.
  • Implant: effective for longterm use, pain can occur in the installed area

Intrauterine device (IUD)

IUD is a device shaped like the letter T that is inserted into the womb, sometimes leaving a little thread in the vagina to indicate the position of IUD. There area 2 types of IUD, which are IUD filled with hormone and copper. Coppered IUD can be use up to 10 years, while hormonal can only last for 5 years, several women felt stomach cramps on the use of cuppered IUD.


  • Is a method of “use and forget”. Easy to use, and after installation, women do not have to bother in their daily basis such as the use of familly planning pills.
  • Is a long-term method.
  • Does not messed up fertility rate, after un-installation, fertility rate can restore quickly.


  • IUD position can shift.
  • Uncomfortable for women, and sometimes men during intercourse due to the remains of the thread.
  • Occurence of side effects suck as cramps and bleeds more during menstruation.

Physical barrier methods

Male condom

A male condom is a fitted, thin plastic cover that a man wears on his penis during sex drive. There are a lot of different types. When it comes to plastic condoms, you can totally feel safe because it can protect you from STD infections, including HIV, herpes, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. However, with “Natural” or “lambskin” condoms, you can only avoid pregnancy, not any STDs.

Female condom

The female condom is a tube of soft plastic that has a closed end. Each end has a ring. The ring at the closed end can be inserted deep into the woman’s vagina to hold the tube in place. The ring at the open end remains outside the opening of the vagina.

This kind of protection can help with birth control and reduce their chances of getting or transmitting diseases such as genital herpes or genital warts.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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