Acquired cystic kidney

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor


What is acquired cystic kidney?

Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD), is a condition which renal (kidney) cyst is formed and can understand as the development of full-filled sacs. Kidney cysts are round pouches containing fluid form on or in the kidneys. Kidney cysts can be related to serious disorders that can impair kidney function. Most of cases, a type of kidney cysts which is called simple kidney cysts is noncancerous cysts and rarely cause complications.

Acquired cystic kidney disease is a disease which occurs both side of the kidneys and it can be considered as a significant prediction of clinical recognition of end-stage renal failure.

In the early stages, there are not any symptoms and signs of ACKD. It is usually discovered inadvertently in the course of abdominal imaging procedures.

How common is acquired cystic kidney?

Acquired cystic kidney disease becomes more common the longer a person has chronic kidney disease. About 7 to 22 percent of people with CKD already have acquired cystic kidney disease before starting dialysis treatments. Almost 60 percent of people on dialysis for 2 to 4 years develop acquired cystic kidney disease. About 90 percent of people on dialysis for 8 years develop acquired cystic kidney disease. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.


What are the symptoms of acquired cystic kidney?

Simple kidney cysts typically don’t cause signs or symptoms. If a simple kidney cyst grows large enough, symptoms may include:

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.


What causes acquired cystic kidney?

Acquired renal cystic disease may be the result of hemodialysis. Studies have shown that, although the association of dialysis and acquired renal cystic disease is not sure, it can cause acquired real cystic disease to be developed.

Studies have shown that an unidentified waste product not removed through dialysis causes cysts to form in the kidneys. Dialysis itself does not cause the cysts.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for acquired cystic kidney?

There are many risk factors for acquired cystic kidney, such as:

  • Male sex (male-to-female ratio is 7:1)
  • Long duration of dialysis
  • Black race
  • Severe acquired renal cystic disease with marked organomegaly
  • Cystic hemorrhage

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is acquired cystic kidney diagnosed?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose simple kidney cysts include:

  • Imaging tests. Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, a computerized tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are often used to investigate simple kidney cysts. Imaging tests can help your doctor determine whether a kidney mass is a cyst or a tumor.
  • Kidney function tests. Testing a sample of your blood may reveal whether a kidney cyst is impairing your kidney function.

How is acquired cystic kidney treated?

In case your condition doesn’t produce signs or symptoms and doesn’t interfere with your kidney function, you may not need treatment. A simple kidney cyst sometimes goes away on its own.

If the simple kidney cyst begins causing any signs and symptoms, your doctor may recommend treatment. Options include:

  • A health care provider will treat infections with antibiotics (medications that kill bacteria).
  • Puncturing and draining the cyst, then filling it with alcohol. Rarely, to shrink the cyst, your doctor will inserts a long, thin needle through your skin and through the wall of the kidney cyst. After that the fluid is drained from the cyst. The cyst may be filled with an alcohol solution to prevent it from reforming
  • Surgery to remove the cyst. A large or symptomatic cyst may require surgery to drain and remove it. To perform a surgery the surgeon makes several small incisions in your skin and inserts special tools and a small video camera. While watching a video monitor in the operating room, the surgeon guides the tools to the kidney and uses them to drain the fluid from the cyst. Then the walls of the cyst are cut or burned away.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remediesthat can help me manage acquired cystic kidney?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with acquired cystic kidney:

No specific diet and prevention will prevent or delay acquired cystic kidney disease. In general, a diet is designed for people on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis reduces the amount of wastes that accumulate in the body between dialysis sessions. Patients can follow that specific diet to reduce risk of acquired cystic kidney.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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