Know the basics

What is Bunion Surgery?

The bunion surgery is carried out when the bunion causes pressure and pain. This surgery can straighten the thumb and make your feet proportion to normal shoes.

A bunion is a bone lumps on the upper side of the foot, at the base of your big toe.

The most common cause of bunions is shoes are not wide enough for your toe; therefore, the big toe isn’t located in the right place. Sometimes the disease comes with arthritis at the base of your big toe.

Why is Bunion Surgery performed?

Most of bunions are treated without surgery. However, if the non-surgical treatment is effective, the doctor will perform a surgery to relieve pain, repair the related feet deformations and help you continue to operate normally. The surgery is usually done when:

  • Non-surgical treatments do not reduce the pain caused by bunion.
  • You have difficulties in walking or performing daily activities.

Understand the risks

What are the risks of Bunion Surgery?

When you learn about the bunion surgery, be careful that now there are now surgeries are called “simple” or “minimum” which usually are “fix” surgeries, and the advertisements of these surgeries telling that they can fix your feet as perfect as before. In fact, the advertisement is incorrect. Because the purpose of the surgery is to relieve the pain and fix the deformations as much as possible, but it cannot fix the feet perfectly. This surgery is not cosmetic surgery.

You should remember that after the surgery, you still cannot wear small-sized shoes, or shoes with spearheads. In fact, you have to limit to wear some kind of shoes for the remaining lifetime. Find out what kind of shoes fitting to you.

Remember that the main cause of bunion is wearing shoes which are too tight. If you continue to wear that type of shoes, the bunion will relapse.

Common complications of these surgeries include:

  • Pain;
  • Bleeding;
  • Surgical site infection (wound);
  • Unaesthetic scars;
  • Blood clot;
  • Dysuria.

Specific complications of the bunion surgery include:

  • Nerve damage;
  • Bone healing problems;
  • Loss of ability to move your big toe;
  • Excruciating pain, stiffness and loss of mobility of your foot (complex regional pain syndrome);
  • Sole pain;
  • Deformity relapses.

It is important you understand the risks and complications before having this surgery. If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor or surgeon for more information.

Know what happens

How do I prepare for Bunion Surgery?

Before the surgery, tell the orthopedist about medications you are taking. They will tell you which medicines you should and should not stop taking before surgery.

Lab tests, including blood tests, ECG, chest X-rays, urine tests, and X-ray special leg, may be recommended by the orthopedist to help them to make a plan for the surgery.

What happens during Bunion Surgery?

There are various anesthesia. The surgery usually takes 30 minutes to an hour.

There are other surgical methods. The selection based on the severity of the disease and the deformity of the toe.

The surgeon will use pins, wires or screws to hold the bone firmly in place while they heal. Depending on the type of surgery you have, the doctor will decide to leave them in your foot, or perform another surgery  to remove.

Some common surgeries include:

  • Osteotomy: this type of surgery is usually used. During surgery, the doctor will remove the bones rsising in the toe and move the bones in the big toe back in line.
  • Arthrodesis: during surgery, the doctor will stick toe bones and foot bones in the big toe together. This type of surgery is used for people with severe toe deformities or degenerative joint is too severe.
  • Excision arthroplasty: during surgery, the doctor will remove the damaged knuckles, then create a fake joint by scar tissues.

If you have any questions or concerns, please consult with your doctor or surgeon for more information.

Recovery

What happens after Bunion Surgery?

You’ll be able to go home on the surgical day or the next day.

You should spend most of the time in the first week lifting your feet up to reduce swelling.

Exercising regularly will help you return to normal activities as soon as possible. Before you start training, ask the advice of medical personnel or your doctor.

It may take six weeks or more to reduce the swelling enough for you to wear normal soft shoes.

Usually, you will not be able to wear a normal shoe within 6 months after surgery. The doctor may bondage your leg or  give  a special shoe as a brace to help you go to with the heel and protect the surgical site.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources
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