Stroke can be followed by complications, particularly seizures. Seizures is a result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can be mild but sometimes can make the survivor feel uncomfortable and cause grave problems. So how to deal with this condition? Let’s see.
Home care for seizures
Seizures may go away by themselves. During a seizure, it is important to prevent injury.
- Try to prevent the person from falling. Gently lay him or her on the floor in a safe area. Because of the sudden nature of seizures, you should always keep your eyes on them (or ask someone to take care of the person).
- Move furniture and other objects that can injure the person away.
- If the person is wearing tight clothing, loosen it, especially around the neck and waist, so they can breathe more easily.
- Try to keep the person lie down on his or her side. This can help prevent choking and protect the lung from liquid in case of vomiting
- Try not to put too much pressure on the person’s body.
- Stay with the person until the seizure stops.
Also, you and other family members must not do these things:
- Do not try to put anything into the person’s mouth because this can cause injuries to him or her. For example, the teeth can be damaged. Also, if you place your fingers between the person’s teeth, you may get bitten.
- Do not try to hold the person down or move the person away. Injuries can be caused.
- Do not try to stop the person because he or she has no control over the seizure.
- Do not try to start CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) until the seizure has stopped and the person is completely unconscious, has no pulse or is not breathing.
After the seizure, you should:
- Check if there is any injury.
- Keep the person lie down on his or her side.
- If the person cannot breathe properly, you can use your finger to gently remove vomit or saliva.
- Move the person to a safe place.
- Do not give the person any food or drink until he or she is completely awake.
When to see a doctor
Seizures can stop by themselves, but in some cases, the person may need medical attention. Call your local emergency if:
- This is the first time the person has ever had a seizure.
- The pattern of the seizures changes and the person has a history of epilepsy.
- The seizure does not stop after 5 minutes.
- The person does not return to their normal state after the seizures. His or her behavior changes.
- Another seizure starts right after the last seizure.
- Symptoms are severe.
- The person has a seizure in water or in other dangerous places.
- The person has special medical conditions such as pregnancy, diabetes.
Your doctor may recommend anti-seizure medications. A special device can be used, too.
A medical alert bracelet can be recommended so that if a seizure occurs, people can know and seek help when the need arises.
Seizure after stroke is a common cause of hospital admissions that needs proper management. Home treatments are available for this condition but if this is the first time the person had a seizure, or other emergency symptoms occur, medical attention is required.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: June 4, 2017 | Last Modified: June 4, 2017
Stroke Survivors May Develop Seizures. http://www.webmd.com/stroke/news/20160218/stroke-survivors-develop-seizures-study-confirms#1. Accessed May 10, 2017.
Controlling post-stroke seizures. https://www.strokeassociation.org/idc/groups/stroke-public/@wcm/@hcm/@sta/documents/downloadable/ucm_312968.pdf. Accessed May 10, 2017.
Seizures and Epilepsy. http://www.stroke.org/we-can-help/survivors/stroke-recovery/post-stroke-conditions/physical/seizures-and-epilepsy. Accessed May 10, 2017.
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003200.htm. Accessed May 10, 2017.
Seizures – Home Treatment. http://www.webmd.com/epilepsy/tc/seizures-home-treatment. Accessed May 10, 2017.