When we are old, the immune system becomes weak and the body begins the process of deteriorating. That is the reason why you are more prone to diseases and sickness when you get old. It is needless to say that a full awareness and knowledge of senior health is very important in order to expect and live a happy old age.
The cardiovascular system
Old people are more likely to experience low heart rate (pulse), while their hearts might become bigger due to the fact that their blood vessels and arteries are stiffer than before. As a consequence, it is hard for blood to travel, causing high blood pressure (hypertension) and other cardiovascular problems.
The joints, bones and muscles
After many years of working, bones tend to be weak and shrink in terms of size and density. This means that hard physical activities can easily hurt or injure the bones. Researches have unveiled that seniors can even get a little bit shorter. As for your muscles, they get less flexible and strong, causing trouble in balancing and participating in daily activities.
The digestive system
Constipation is very common among seniors, and there are lots of reasons contributing to this such as low-fiber diet, low consumption of water, lack of exercise, diabetes and irritable bowel syndrome. Surprisingly, some of the medications can be the cause of constipation, for example, diuretics and iron supplements.
The bladder and urinary tract
Seniors are usually faced with difficulties related to their urination, and a number of medical conditions which can be contributing factors to many concerning problems. For instance, there is a close connection between diabetes and incontinence.
The memory system
Memory system is less efficient when you are old. In particular, learning new things is a very difficult task. Beware of the changes in your memory, since it can be a symptom of Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s does not only cause memory loss, but it also makes it difficult to maintain mental agility.
What can we do to prevent and slow down the aging process?
Healthy eating habit
Get yourself acquainted with a healthy, balanced diet by eating:
- Bread, rice, potato and other starchy foods in an appropriate amount. Whole-grain products are recommended. Consult with your doctor to find out the most suitable amount of carbohydrate you can consume during a meal.
- Boosting amount of vegetable. Vegetables offer necessary fiber, vitamins and minerals that your body needs.
- A lot of different kinds of fruits. As a matter of fact, fruits help lower the risk of getting high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, obesity and certain cancers.
- Dairy food such as milk, egg.
- Fish especially ones high in omega 3 fatty acids, which is good for the heart and reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Less sodium (salt), fat and oil.
Exercising and physical activities
Exercising is obviously good for you. Specifically, it not only makes you physically healthy, but it also reduces stress and brings happiness.
Spending time relaxing and enjoying life in the most peaceful way in old age is, to many people, the loveliest dream. Nevertheless, a bad health would extinguish that dream unmercifully. Therefore, make every effort to stay healthy.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: July 21, 2017 | Last Modified: July 21, 2017
Healthy aging. http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/healthy-aging/in-depth/aging/art-20046070?p=1. Accessed July 21, 2017
Healthy eating over 60. https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/healthy-eating-over-60. Accessed July 21, 2017
Aging changes in sleep. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/004018.htm. Accessed July 21, 2017