Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal problem that occurs due to a number of reasons. It is important to know how to self-diagnose your shoulder pain for choosing the best treatment if needed.

There are several common problems that lead to shoulder pain.

Frozen shoulder

This is a condition in which your shoulder is painful and stiff. You can self-diagnose this condition by taking these steps:

  • Stand straight with your arms by your side in front of a mirror.
  • Gently raise your arms overhead. The affected arm cannot raise all the way up. It may come up to a point just past parallel with the ground.
  • Try another motion. Reach back and behind your back. You may not reach up behind your back.
  • Put your hand up into the surrender position. You cannot put your hand into this position, and you may feel painful.

Rotator cuff disorders

Rotator cuff disorders occur when the rotator cuff acts abnormally. A rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that locate around the shoulder and allow the joint to move in controlled positions.

Different types of rotator cuff disorders can lead to different problems:

  • Pain that gets worse when you do physical activities;
  • Pain at night;
  • Pain when you move your arm.

These below are steps you can follow to diagnose the condition:

  • Sit straight on a chair.
  • Have a partner raise your affected arm to the side and to the position that is parallel with the ground. If you cannot keep these position, you may have rotator cuff disorders.

Shoulder instability

For a normal arm. The top of your arm is a ball that fits the socket of your arm bladder. When this ball does not move properly in the socket, shoulder instability occurs.

Potential symptoms of shoulder instability are:

  • Weakness;
  • Numbness;
  • Serve pain;
  • Limited movement.

For self-testing your shoulder instability, you can take these steps:

  • Lie down in a supine position with your shoulder relaxed.Have your partner move your arm anteriorly and posteriorly.
  • Sit straight.
  • Have your partner apply caudal traction on the humerus, or abduction and external rotation stress on the joint.
  • If you feel apprehensive during these test, you may be experiencing shoulder instability.

Acromioclavicular joint disorders

Acromioclavicular is the joint at the top of your shoulder that made up of 2 bones. Symptoms of acromioclavicular disorders are:

  • Painful and stiff joint;
  • Movement limitations;
  • Pain on the top of your shoulder;
  • Muscle-fatigue discomfort.

Take these steps for self-diagnosing your condition:

  • Sit down on a chair.
  • Have a partner place one hand at the front of your shoulder joint and the other hand at the rear.
  • Then the partner gently presses on both sides of your shoulder to compress the acromioclavicular joint.
  • If your feel pain when you sleep, or when you are raising your arm, these may be the signs of Acromioclavicular joint disorders.

Shoulder pain may disappear after a few days or weeks. However, if the pain is caused by some musculoskeletal problems, it needs to be treated. You should take steps to self-diagnose your condition at home first. Then, further tests may be required for better diagnosis.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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