What Can Physiotherapy Treat?


Physiotherapy is a common treatment used in medical system. Physiotherapy can treat several health conditions that cause pain or affect your physical function. Let’s see in which situation that physiotherapy can help.

Musculoskeletal problems (muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and bones)

Flat feet

Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, is a condition in which your feet have low or no upward curves (arches). When you stand up, your feet press flatly on the ground.

When you were a child, these arches may not appear. The arches develop over time when you get older. However, for some people, the arches do not really appear. This situation may also occur when you are adult due to injuries or natural degeneration. Flat feet can lead to pain in the feet, ankles, legs, or back.

You can treat flat feet with physiotherapy by wearing suitable shoes, or special insoles (orthotics) to provide support to your feet and stop the progression. Other exercises that involve stretching the muscles, tendons in the lower legs can also help.


Arthritis is a condition in which your joints get inflamed. Arthritis can cause pain, swelling, stiffness, redness, and limit your movement.

Physical exercises can strengthen the muscles surrounding your joints, improving the range of motions. Braces can sometimes be used to keep your joints stable. Acupuncture uses special needles to stimulate the body to produce natural painkillers. Moreover, yoga can help increase flexibility of the joints. And therapeutic massage helps promote the blood flow to the joints, relieving pain.


Although musculoskeletal injuries include muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and bones pain can be the results of several situations in life, most common causes are sport-related or work-related activities.

These problems can cause fractures, sprain, strain, or other problems. You may feel pain in the affected areas. Swelling, or movement limitations can also appear. Immobilizing the affected areas may prevent the problems get worse. Then doctor may recommend you to have physiotherapy that involves gait, balance, stretching, and strengthening exercises to help you restore physical function. Cold therapy such as ice packs or ice sprays can relieve pain temporarily.

Wound care

Sometimes your wound cannot get better because there is inadequate blood supply. Physical therapy, for example, heat compress can increase the size of blood vessels, promoting the blood flow to the wound. Then the wound can heal more quickly.

Stroke rehabilitation

When you are a survivor from stroke, a part of your brain can be damaged. You may not be able to control your movements. You may feel pain. You may have difficulty using or understanding language.

You sometimes have to learn new skill as the function of that skill is lost. Physiotherapy’s key elements are carefully directed, well-focused, and repetitive practice. Physiotherapy helps you learn how to do daily tasks as well as possible, such as bathing, using chopsticks, getting dressed. You are also taught to use and understand language.

The process starts with simple activities and builds up over time. You may begin with changing your position while lying in bed, sitting up, standing up, then walking. You may have to use supportive equipment first, then you can independently complete activities yourself. You can gradually see the improvement.

Spine problems

Scoliosis, disk syndrome, or spine spur are some of several spine problems that can be treated with physiotherapy.

For scoliosis, a brace can be used to realign the curve of the spine. Brace can also keep your spinal curve in the right place when you move.

For disk syndrome, physiotherapy includes several types such as exercises, or ice/ heat compress that can help you relieve pain, strengthen the muscles in the affected area, and promote the flow of nutrient-rich blood to the affected disk.

For spine spur, physiotherapy such as exercises, and manual manipulation are used to help reduce the pain in the joint. These exercises can help strengthen the muscles that support the affected areas; increase the flexibility; improve your posture as bad posture can lead you to the bad place; and reduce stress on the way.

Surgery rehabilitation

After surgery, your doctor will check your condition in which you may be recommenced to do exercises or wear a brace. These exercises can help regain flexibility, reduce limitations, and increase the strength of the muscles. Exercises may be used after the wound heals. The brace can help keep your spine in proper alignment when you do activities.

Physiotherapy can treat several different conditions. The goals of treatment are to strengthen the muscles, support the affected area; reduce stress on the nerves; and relieve pain. You should study carefully about treatment option before you choose one for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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