Bone Infections (Osteomyelitis): Things You Should Know

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Osteomyelitis is a rare but serious infection of the bone. Bone infection can be acute or chronic. If patients don’t have a properly treatment, a certain bone can be damaged permanently. It is caused by bacteria or fungi invading a bone. In children, the most popular place where bone infections occur is in the long bones of the arms and legs. On the other hand, Infection’s appearance is in the hips, spine, and feet.

Causes of bone infections

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is the most common factor causing bone infection. Skin is the area where this kind of bacteria appears. Moreover, the bacteria can increase its power when the immune system is weakened b diseases and illnesses. Besides, injured areas can become the bone infection.

Certain health conditions that make the immune system weak can increase the changes of osteomyelitis. They are including:

  • Diabetes (most cases of osteomyelitis stem from diabetes),
  • HIV or AIDS,
  • Sickle cell disease,
  • Rheumatoid arthritis,
  • Intravenous drug use,
  • Alcoholism,
  • Long-term use of steroids,
  • Hemodialysis,
  • Poor blood supply,
  • Recent injury.

Symptoms of bone infections

Usually, the infection site can have pain at first. Other common signs are:

  • Fever and chills,
  • Nausea,
  • Redness in the infected area,
  • Irritability or generally feeling unwell,
  • Lost range of motion,
  • Drainage from the area,
  • Swelling in the affected area,
  • Stiffness or inability to use an affected limb.

Risks factors of bone infections

Osteomyelitis change can become serious by these following risks:

  • Hemodialysis, which is a treatment used for kidney conditions,
  • Injury to the tissue surrounding the bone,
  • Undergoing intravenous drug,
  • Artificial joints or hardware that has become infected,
  • Peripheral arterial disease,
  • Sickle cell disease,
  • Smoking.

Can you prevent osteomyelitis?

The best way to prevent osteomyelitis you should remember is to keep the infection area total clean. If you have a wound, especially a deep wound, wash it completely as soon as possible. Washing directly any open wound under running water for five minutes, then bandage it in sterile bandages.

With chronic osteomyelitis, you should let your doctor know about your medical history so that your condition can be under control. On condition that you have diabetes, have a close concentration on your feet and the first sign of infection.

You should treat osteomyelitis soon. In cases of acute osteomyelitis, early treatment prevents the condition from becoming a chronic problem. Besides repeated infections can cause the pain and inconvenience for your life. Therefore, getting osteomyelitis under control early is really essential for recovery.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Sources
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