What Is Bipolar Disorder?


There are several types of mental illnesses. You may hear about post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder. But, have you ever heard about bipolar disorder? Do you know what it is? Follow the article and you will find the answer.

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression or manic-depressive illness, is a mental problem. This disorder can affect your emotions, active level, and the ability to do daily activities, such as washing the disc or cooking meals.
People who have bipolar disorder experience extreme mood changes. They sometimes feel very “high” (in the maniac periods) and sometimes feel very “low” (in the depressive periods). The lower level of maniac periods is hypomanic periods. They can still feel normal between the maniac episodes and the depressive episodes.

When you are in maniac episodes, you feel very happy, rest, talkative, and full or energy. However, having too much good mood is not good, you may have unsafe sex that can lead to sexually transmitted infection.

When you are in the depressive episodes, you feel very sad, worthless, hopeless, empty of energy, unpleasant, and have poor sleep. You may have suicidal thoughts, even try to kill yourself.

The symptoms may last for weeks, months, or even years. You can experience several times a week.And, the complex symptoms make this disorder hard to be diagnosed. Thus, it is important to see a professional determine whether you have bipolar disorder or other types of mental illness.

Types of bipolar disorder

There are four most common types of bipolar disorder.

Bipolar I disorder

If you have this type of bipolar disorder, you may have to go to the hospital for professional care. The maniac episodes last for a week or more. The depressive episodes last for two weeks or more. You can also have the episodes that you can feel both very “low” and very “high”.

Bipolar II disorder

If you have depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, you may experience bipolar II disorder. The manic episodes that last for at least a week may not appear.

Cyclothymic disorder

If this cyclothymic disorder occurs, you may experience hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes for two years or more (one year or more in children and teenagers). There can be several episodes of hypomanic and depressive episodes, but the symptoms are not specific.

Other types

If you do not meet the three above types of bipolar disorder, but you still have symptoms of bipolar disorder, you may have other related types of this disorder.

Bipolar disorder is a serious brain problem. If you have this disorder, you can experience mood swings. You can feel very happy in maniac episodes and then feel very sad in depressive episodes. Bipolar disorder is complex that need to be diagnosed in the hospital.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Want to live your best life?
Get the Hello Doktor Daily newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.
You might also like