Liver transplant is a method of treating liver cancer when it is no longer possible to perform surgery or otherwise remove the tumor under the condition that the young tumor (less than 5cm or less than 4 lesions) in the liver without invasive blood vessels. Below is some specific information about liver transplantation methods for the treatment of liver cancer.
Types of liver transplant
Liver for liver transplant surgery is usually in the following cases:
There are two methods of liver transplantation:
- Deceased Donor Liver Transplantation (DDLT), which is the removal of the liver of the donor’s liver and to replace the liver of the recipient’s disease;
- Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).
Liver transplants from donors mean that donors donate 50-70% of their liver to the patient. Through carefully performed liver transplantation, the donated portion will be used to replace the diseased liver. This procedure is possible because the liver (both donor and recipient) can regenerate to normal volume and size in a short span of six months.
When to need a liver transplant?
According to doctors, patients with impaired liver function may need liver transplants. Patients with cirrhosis, liver cancer, and a small number of people with hepatitis, are just ways to protect themselves. However, only when liver disease has no other treatment, patient should use the method of liver transplant because a liver transplant costs a lot and not always available.
People with alcoholic cirrhosis usually do not need a liver transplant. Alcohol abstinence, treatment of complications usually allows long-term maintenance of liver function. Or patients with early-stage hepatitis can use drugs to prevent the development of disease in the human body.
Most cancers from other organs that are metastatic to liver cannot be treated by liver transplants. Early liver transplants in case of primary liver cancer, the tumor has not metastasized, survival of patients is massive. However, in fact, when you are detected with liver cancer, the tumor usually has metastasized, so it is rare for liver cancer to be healed by liver transplants.
When a liver function cannot be restored, a liver transplant can be performed on any acute or chronic liver patient provided that the patient does not have any transplantable disease and syndrome. Uncontrolled metastatic cancer, substance abuse, or alcohol abuse and sepsis are the absolute cases of no liver transplants. HIV has also been seen as a contraindication, but it has now changed. In addition, relative contraindications include severe heart disease, pulmonary and other diseases. Most liver transplants are performed on patients with cirrhosis.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: April 22, 2017 | Last Modified: May 31, 2017
NIH, Definition & Facts of Liver Transplant, https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/liver-disease/liver-transplant/definition-facts. Accessed on April 7, 2017.
Dr Ananya Mandal, MD, When is a liver transplant necessary?, http://www.news-medical.net/health/When-is-a-liver-transplant-necessary.aspx. Accessed on April 7, 2017.