What is Liver Fibrosis (LF)?
Fibrosis of the liver is the accumulation of too much scar tissue, which is the result of inflammation and dead cells of the liver, which occurs in most chronic liver diseases.
Usually, when there are traumas, the reaction of the body is to form scars. In the case of fibrosis, the healing process becomes difficult. When the liver cells are damaged by viruses, alcohol, toxins, traumas or other factors, the immune system starts repairing the damage. In the process of fibrosis, injured liver cells produce substances, released into the liver causing the accumulation of scar tissue.
In the early stages of fibrosis, very few people have symptoms because liver function is still working well. Fibrosis is an early stage of scar tissue formation in the liver.
As scar tissue builds up due to inflammation and liver damage continues, interconnected scar tissue can disrupt the metabolic functions of the liver. If the disease progresses, it can lead to cirrhosis, a condition where the liver is severely scarred, resulting in significant reductions in blood flow to the liver, and severe liver failure.
Normally, a healthy liver is very soft. When it is fibrosis, the liver is firmer and stronger, and as it progresses to cirrhosis, the liver may be as hard as a stone.
What is the Cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis is the next stage of LF. The stronger the fibrosis, the more severe the Cirrhosis is. People call Cirrhosis as the end result when the reaction of the liver organization to the lesions lasts months or years.
Once the liver has become Cirrhosis, the fibrosis becomes much more numerous and they divide the liver into many small modules (these are small hepatic cell survival). The ability of the liver to recover is hindered (it may be called a force majeure), this is the stage of atherosclerosis that causes the liver to shrink and solid.
What are the differences between LF and Cirrhosis
Liver fibrosis is not a disease, but a disease process, process and disease type are not two concepts in common.
Liver fibrosis is an early manifestation of cirrhosis, fibrosis is the end result of fibrosis.
Many factors lead to fibrosis and accumulation of fibrous organs. When the liver is fibrosis, the liver does not form partitions in the liver, and when the cirrhosis occurs, the walls are present.
Liver fibrosis treatment is relatively easy, but cirrhosis is not so, cirrhosis can easily affect the lives of patients.
Therefore, when suspecting liver fibrosis, should go to the prestigious hospitals for treatment, find out the cause of hepatic fibrosis, during treatment, should pay attention to measures to protect the liver and avoid Liver fibrosis, so the disease does not develop cirrhosis, resulting in difficult treatment later.
How to prevent cirrhosis and liver fibrosis
- In cases of hepatitis (with obvious symptoms) or suspected hepatitis (fatigue, anorexia, indigestion, pain in the liver area …), the patients should be examined for disease and cause. On this basis, the doctor will appoint treatment, counseling on health, eating, living conditions timely and rational.
- Chronic hepatitis needs liver function tests, ultrasound liver ultrasonography, especially testing for alpha-feto-protein (a common protein in liver cancer) to actively prevent disease. If liver cancer is suspected, treatment as soon as possible.
- Don’t drink alcohol.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 25, 2017 | Last Modified: May 25, 2017
S Department of Veterans Affairs, Fibrosis and Cirrhosis, https://www.hepatitis.va.gov/patient/basics/fibrosis-cirrhosis.asp. Accessed on April 9, 2017
Mona H. Ismail and Massimo Pinzani. Reversal of Liver Fibrosis, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2702953/. Accessed on April 9, 2017