Hepatic disease is a terminal illness that can cause the liver to be classified into the following categories:
- Viral hepatitis;
- Liver disease is caused by alcohol;
- Liver disease caused by poison or food poisoning;
- Liver disease due to dyslipidemia and regenerative functions of the liver;
- Liver disease due to liver tumors.
HEPATITIS A (HAV)
Hepatitis A is a type of hepatitis – a type of liver disease – caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease is spread mainly through contaminated food or water from infected faeces. You can get hepatitis A (HAV) from:
- Eat foods from a person with hepatitis A (HAV) who does not wash their hands after going to the toilet (urinating);
- Anal or oral sex with a person with hepatitis A (HAV);
- Do not wash your hands after changing diapers;
- Drink contaminated water.
HEPATITIS B (HBV)
Hepatitis B is a type of hepatitis – a type of liver disease – caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is spread by contact with blood, semen of infected person or fluid of another person’s body. A woman infected with hepatitis B can infect her baby at birth.
If you have hepatitis B (HBV), you may flu-like symptoms, or you may have no symptoms at all. A blood test can tell if you have hepatitis B. Hepatitis B (HBV) usually gets better after a few months. If the disease does not get better, it’s called chronic HBV, a disease that lasts a lifetime. A chronic hepatitis B can lead to scarring in the liver, liver damage or liver cancer.
Jaundice causes your skin and whites of your eyes to turn yellow. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in hemoglobin, which transports oxygen in your red blood cells. Too much bilirubin also causes jaundice. As the red blood cells break down, your body creates new cells to replace them. Old cells are processed by the liver.
Many healthy newborns have jaundice during the first week of life. However, jaundice can occur at any age and can be a sign of a problem. Jaundice can occur for many reasons, such as:
- Blood diseases (Blood diseases);
- Genetic syndromes;
- Types of liver diseases, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis;
- Blockage of bile ducts;
CIRRHOSIS (Hepatic fibrosis)
Cirrhosis causes scarring in the liver. Scar tissue formed by injury or a chronic disease. Scar tissue cannot do what healthy liver tissue does; for example, make proteins, help fight infections, cleanse the blood, helps digest food and store energy. Cirrhosis can lead to:
- Swelling of the abdomen or legs;
- More sensitivity to medicines;
- High blood pressure in the veins of the liver;
- The veins expand in the esophagus and stomach;
- Kidney failure.
HEMOCHROMATOSIS (Iron overload disease)
Hemochromatosis is a genetic disease in which too much iron builds up in your body.
Iron is a mineral found in many foods. Your body usually absorbs about 10% of the iron you eat. If you are suffering from hemochromatosis, you usually get more iron than you need. Your body has no natural way to get rid of excess iron. It stores iron in body tissues, especially the liver, heart, and pancreas. Excess iron can damage your internal organs. If left untreated, the disease can cause your organs to deteriorate.Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: April 24, 2017 | Last Modified: April 24, 2017
Canadian Liver Foundation, Liver Disease, http://www.liver.ca/liver-disease/. Accessed on April 8, 2017.
Vishakha V. Hambire, Dr. S. R. Ganorkar, Classification of Liver Disease Based on US Images, https://www.irjet.net/archives/V2/i4/Irjet-v2i478.pdf. Accessed on April 8, 2017.