What is a kidney stone?

One of the commonest urinary tract disorders is kidney stones. When your urine contains substances – for example, uric acid, oxalate, calcium – that become too concentrated, kidney stones will form in your kidneys. This condition leads to two situations: the solid material may dwell in your kidney or it may travel down the urinary tract and escape.

Symptoms of kidney stones

You may not notice any early symptoms of a kidney stone because when they are still tiny, they can pass by themselves without causing any pain. Nevertheless, as they grow larger, the stones are able to impede urine flow, leading to plentiful agonizing symptoms which can be serious. This is the consequence of a kidney stone getting stuck in the ureter, the tube of which function is to link your kidneys to your bladder. However, the size of the stone may not always be relative to how severe the pain would be. A kidney stone can, no matter how small or large it is, occasionally reside in a particular area in your kidney that is likely to bring about discomfort. When a kidney stone moves around within your kidney or travels down the ureter,  different levels of pain will occur.

Pain

The type of symptoms that you go through is affected by where the stone is and its progress through your urinary tract. The types of pain a lot of people usually suffer from:

  • Sharp pain on one side of the back or lower abdomen
  • Pain that can radiate down to the groin
  • Pain that usually comes in a sudden and lingers around, getting more and more severe over time

The pain can come and go in waves, from time to time staying around for a couple of minutes and vanishing. But it may return in more or less 10 minutes later. The pain can, in some other cases, endure for a longer time when fluctuating in intensity. The level of intensity varies as the stone moves to different places in your urinary tract.

Other symptoms

Here below are some other symptoms – apart from the severe pain mentioned above – that one can experience:

  • Pain on urination
  • Cloudy or smelly urine
  • Continual need to urinate
  • Urinating small amounts

If you have an infection, you may also experience nausea and vomiting, fever and chills. In this case, you should see your doctor.

Seek medical help if:

  • So agonizing is the pain that it prevents your from sitting, standing, lying in a comfortable position
  • There is blood in your urine
  • Urinating is difficult

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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