So dangerous a condition is high blood pressure that it demands special attention. However, do you have a full grasp of blood pressure concept? For instance, what is the difference between normal blood pressure and low blood pressure? Which type of blood pressure do you have? Find out the answers in the article below.

Low blood pressure

If your blood pressure is 90/60 mmHg or lower, you have low blood pressure. If one of the two numbers is lower than it should be, you have low blood pressure. This means:

  • The top number (systolic blood pressure) is 90 or less
  • The bottom number (diastolic blood pressure) is 60 or less

It is common knowledge that low blood pressure is usually not a serious problem, but  low blood pressure every now and then can bring about dizziness, lightheadedness, vomiting, fainting, blurred vision, cold skin, fatigue, depression, or lack of concentration.

Low blood pressure can be caused by pregnancy, significant loss of blood, medications, infections, allergic reactions, nutrient deficiencies, or heart problems. If you notice a sudden drop in blood pressure, call your doctor as soon as possible.

Normal blood pressure

If your numbers are within the range of less than 120/80 mmHg, congratulation. You have normal blood pressure. In this case, you do not have to do anything with your blood pressure. Keep your healthy living habits such as eating healthy foods, staying physically active, giving up smoking. Try to keep these ideal numbers.

Prehypertension

If your top number consistently ranges from 120 to 139 mmHg, or your bottom number consistently ranges from 80 to 89 mmHg, you may have prehypertension. Prehypertension can turn into hypertension if you do not change your lifestyle. Prehypertension can raise your risk for heart attack and stroke.

Prehypertension does not display any symptoms. Your blood pressure, for this reason, needs checking routinely. There are many causes of prehypertension. It could stem from medical conditions such as kidney diseases, thyroid disease, adrenal disease; certain medications such as birth control pills, or over-the-counter pain relievers.

Hypertension stage 1

Hypertension stage 1 is a top number ranging from 140 to 159 mmHg, or a bottom number ranging from 90 to 99 mmHg. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is mandatory for those who have hypertension stage 1. If this cannot bring your blood pressure down to safer levels in about one month, you should call your doctor. You may need to take some hypertension medications.

Hypertension stage 2

If your blood pressure is greater than 160/100 mmHg, you may have hypertension stage 2. Contact your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor will prescribe some medications to help lower blood pressure. You also have to change your lifestyle.

Hypertension crisis

Hypertension crisis is an emergency attention. If your numbers are 180/110 mmHg, you may have hypertension crisis. You may notice some symptoms such as chest pain, stomach pain, back pain, shortness of breath, numbness, weakness, difficulty speaking or blurred vision.

When you have your blood pressure measured, you will receive a result given in two numbers. These numbers can tell you about your type of blood pressure, whether your numbers are normal. Check your blood pressure regularly to prevent potential heart problems.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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