What is health care providers diagnose preeclampsia?
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and a large amount of protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy in a woman. Preeclampsia usually makes blood pressure increase slightly. However, if left it untreated, preeclampsia can lead to serious complications for both mother and baby, even fatal.
What are the causes of health care providers diagnose preeclampsia?
To date, the roof cause of preeclampsia is still unknown, but causes of this abnormal development may include:
- Blood flow is not enough for the uterus
- The damaged blood vessels
- The decline in the immune system
- The genetic
Who is at risk of health care providers diagnose preeclampsia?
Risk factors of preeclampsia include:
- The individual or family with a history of pre-eclampsia.
- New paternity.
- First pregnancy.
- Women older than 40.
- Multiple pregnancies.
- Short interval (less than 2 years) or too long interval (more than 10 years) between pregnancies.
- History of certain conditions such as chronic high blood pressure, migraine headaches, type 1 or type 2 diabetes, kidney disease.
What are the symptoms of health care providers diagnose preeclampsia?
Signs and symptoms of preeclampsia may include:
- High blood pressure
- Excess protein in your urine or additional signs of kidney problems
- Severe headaches
- Vision changed, including temporary loss of vision, blurred vision or light sensitivity
- Upper abdominal pain, usually under your right ribs
- Feeling of nausea or vomiting
- Decreased urine output
- Decreased platelets in blood vessels (thrombocytopenia)
- Liver dysfunction
- Shortness of breath, caused by fluid in your lungs
When to seek medical help
Contact your doctor immediately or go to an emergency room if you have severe headaches, impaired vision, severe pain in your abdomen or hard to breathe.
What are the complications of health care providers diagnose preeclampsia?
Complications of preeclampsia may include:
- Lack of blood flow to the placenta.
- Placental abruption.
- HELLP (the destruction of red blood cells) syndrome.
- Cardiovascular disease.
How is health care providers diagnose preeclampsia diagnosed?
Your doctor will check your blood pressure and protein in your urine. If you’re diagnosed with preeclampsia, you may need to do some tests, including:
- Blood tests. These can determine how well your liver and kidneys are functioning and whether your blood has a normal number of platelets.
- Urine analysis. Urine samples taken over 24 hours can quantify how much protein is reduced in the urine, to diagnose preeclampsia level.
- Fetal ultrasound. In order to estimate fetal weight and the amount of fluid in the uterus (amniotic fluid).
- Nonstress test (NST) or biophysical profile. A nonstress test is a simple procedure that checks how your baby’s heart rate responds when your baby moves.
How is health care providers diagnose preeclampsia treated?
As a matter of fact, the only cure for preeclampsia is delivery. You’re at increased risk of seizures, placental abruption, stroke and possibly severe bleeding until your blood pressure reduces.
If you’re diagnosed with preeclampsia, here are some possible treatments for preeclampsia:
- Medicines: The common medicines are antihypertensives which are used to lower blood pressure, corticosteroids which are used to temporarily improve liver and platelet function to help prolong your pregnancy, and anticonvulsant which are used to prevent a first seizure.
- Bed rest. This method used to be routinely recommended for women with preeclampsia. However, you should be careful with this practice as it can increase your risk of blood clots, as well as impact your economic and social lives.
- You are recommended to be hospitalized if you suffer severe preeclampsia. In the hospital, your doctor may check your baby’s well-being and measure the volume of amniotic fluid more often by nonstress tests or biophysical profiles.
- Delivery. If you’re diagnosed with preeclampsia near the end of your pregnancy, your doctor may recommend inducing labor right away. The readiness of your cervix — whether it’s beginning to open (dilate), thin (efface) and soften (ripen) — also may be a factor in determining whether or when labor will be induced.
How can I manage my health care providers diagnose preeclampsia?
You can be able to reduce your risk of preeclampsia by using low-dose aspirin and calcium supplements. Remember you should ask your doctor to make sure your body is heathy enough to using any drugs.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017