When your blood pressure increase about 140/90 or higher, or just one number is elevated, you have high blood pressure. Mostly all women with high blood pressure can have a normal pregnancy. However having high blood pressure during pregnancy can cause you and your baby have certain complications. We need to distinguish from chronic hypertension and gestational hypertension. Chronic hypertension occurs when you have high blood pressure before you’re 20 weeks pregnant or last for longer than 12 weeks after giving birth.
How to manage chronic hypertension during pregnancy
Although we can not treat chronic hypertension completely, there are many ways to successfully manage your blood pressure when pregnant. The best way to take care of your developing baby is taking care of yourself, some ways are:
- Eat a healthy diet, and especially limit your salt intake because salt contains sodium and sodium will be higher blood pressure.
- Keep all your prenatal appointments with doctors.
- Stay physically active, although your health care professionals may let you rest if you develop preeclampsia. Walking or swimming several times a week is good for you and your baby.
- Do not smoke, drink alcohol, or take drugs without physician’s advice. It’s very important to lower your blood pressure and to help your baby be healthy.
- Monitor your weight gain. Your doctor or midwife can help you set a pregnancy weight goal and you do not gain too much.
- Try to keep your stress level low. Although this may be hard to do, especially if you continue to work, have young children, or have a hectic schedule. But it helps you and your baby healthier, therefore you should try to find some time to relax.
Blood pressure usually falls during early pregnancy, so medicine is often not needed for chronic hypertension unless blood pressure increases to higher levels. You should ask your doctor before using hypertension medications because there is a little drug are safe for pregnant. They are ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). Your doctor may suggest that you take low-dose aspirin during the second and third trimesters of your pregnancy so that to reduce your risk for preeclampsia.
You should take good care of your health, it’s so important when you have chronic hypertension and are in the pregnancy stage. This helps you keep your healthy and your baby will be born safe and healthier.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2017 | Last Modified: May 30, 2017
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