When you get HIV, your immune system will be destroyed and its effects on other organs in your body. Skin is one of them. It causes some bad effects on your appearance. H, do you want to know how HIV effects on your skin?

There are three main causes of skin problems in people with HIV:

  • The immune system destroyed by HIV
  • Skin problems caused by infections
  • Side-effects of drugs

Some HIV-related skin conditions or treatment-related side-effects can be very serious and require urgent medical attention. One of the most obvious signs of HIV/AIDS can be seen on the skin. A weakened immune response leaves you more vulnerable to viruses like herpes. Herpes can cause sores around your mouth or genitals.

The immune system will be destroyed by HIV

People at the first stage of HIV-infected may have flu-like symptoms which is called a seroconversion illness. This illness may include a non-itchy, red rash lasting from two to three weeks. During ongoing infection, the immune system gets damaged and this may lead to a red and itchy skin. Skin problems may also occur when the immune system starts to recover due to HIV treatment (especially acne and folliculitis, infection of the follicles) and appear to be a good sign of returning immune capacity.

Skin problems caused by infections

Normally, there are three main groups of infections: bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. Eczema normally called dry or irritated skin has a lot of reasons and may be treated with antihistamines. To assuage any dry skin condition, try to avoid long baths and using soap, shower gels, and other potential irritants. Aqueous cream (E45) or moisturizer can be used alternatively. You can identify Dermatitis (the inflammation of the skin) by red patches and a flaky rash. Some of its causes may be fungal infections or eczema. Seborrhoeic dermatitis (inflammation of the skin’s oil glands) often occurs in hairy parts of the body. It usually looks like yellowish dandruff. It’s common thing in symptomatic HIV. Dermatitis may be treated with steroid ointments, anti-fungal creams, or tablets. Besides, anti-dandruff or anti-fungal shampoos can treat some scalp problems.

Tinea is a fungal infection that causes flaky red skin and moist white patches. It is treated with anti-fungal creams. Diluted tea-tree oil may be effective. Keep skin dry and avoid irritants, e.g. deodorants. Folliculitis (small lumps or pustules in the follicles – the hair’s root) is a skin infection, most likely caused by yeast, which is treated with antifungals. Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection indicated by yellow, crusty red sores. Skin follicles may also become infected, leading to boils or abscesses, which are treated with antibiotics.

Small pearly pimples may be caused by viral infections such as the pox virus, Molluscum contagiosum, or by fungal infections such as cryptococcosis. Molluscums can spread very quickly and require treatment at your HIV clinic.

The more information you know about your disease, the more you can control it. Don’t forget to keep a journal, which contain everything about your treatment process, and write down all the symptoms if you have doubts about your skin.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources
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