Heart diseases are these ones among the leading causes of all death around the world. In the USA alone, approximately 5.7million people are currently under the threat of heart failure. However, the 21st century has been witnessing miracles in the field of cardiology. With the help of modern medical development, physicians are now capable of doing what was thought to be impossible in curing heart diseases. Following are some breakthroughs that will light up people’s heart.

Heart failure

Known as a culprit of taking around 287,000 lives yearly. This condition occurs when the heart has troubles in pumping blood all over the body probably due to tightened blood vessels and slowly ceases to stop. Last year, the U.S Food and Drug Administration has approved a new drug called Entresto which works by a combination of valsartan and sacubitril. These ingredients prevent blood vessels from being narrowed and treat a heart-damaging enzyme. The drug has been reported to successfully reduce the mortality rate by 20%. Common side effects include low blood pressure, reduced kidney function and high potassium level in the blood.

Diabetes and Heart diseases

Diabetes often lead to hyperglycemia – a condition in which glucose level in the blood rises or high blood sugar, which then results in damaging the body organs. Patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease are often at a deadlier risk than those without diabetes. A new drug called EMPA-REG, has been known to help reduce heart attack and stroke risks associated with the diabetic. Consequently, a study published in 2015 stated that the death due to cardiovascular diseases was lowered by one-third. Side effects also include lower blood pressure and even body weight.

Mini-pacemakers

Conventionally, people with heart problems are usually opted to use pacemakers to regulate heartbeats. The device is surgically implanted with wires linked to the heart. However, what concerns physicians as well as patients most are the probability of the wires getting detached or even infected. Also, the size of the device is not very modest as it creates a bulge right under the skin.

To overcome these challenges, a new tiny-pacemaker as the size of your fingertip has been developed. This tiny pacemaker, or Nanostim, can be put into the heart via the catheter. And with its tiny look, you will not feel like you are carrying a machine on your chest! The downside is it can still be dislodged and may pierce the heart. In addition, it is not suitable for patients with more than one heart chamber that requires the use of such device. The studies are still being carried out for a better outcome.

Aortic Valve Replacement

Generally, when it comes to valve replacement, an open-heart surgery is necessary. However, with patients who may be at a higher risk if undergoing heart surgery, this is certainly a good new. There is a new method that can replace the aortic valve without the need to cut one’s chest open. It is called the trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The valve can be inserted via from the groin by going through the femoral artery or simply with a small incision in the chest. The replacing valve can later be expanded as it is collapsible. However, because it is still in its developing phase, there are associated risks such as stroke or damaging blood vessels. It is the best to use as a last resort for patients who can’t bear another heart surgery.

There are more breakthroughs in the curing of heart diseases such as advanced heart monitor for long-distance supervising, drugs for reducing cholesterol level, a new detailed guide on warning signs of heart diseases after childbirth, heart cell regeneration (which has been done successfully on lab animals) , 3D printing of the heart and so on. Though more researches need to be done, there is a great future ahead for those with these almost incurable diseases.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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