Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors


Cardiovascular disease has many forms, and so there are many risk factors. These factors lead to heart diseases and were divided into two groups. The first group is the risk factors cannot be changed, such as age, sex, genetic factors; the second group is the risk factors can change living habits, movement… Understanding risk factors that will help you prevent heart disease best.

These risk factors can not be changed:


Old age is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The older, the heart’s activity as inefficient. Heart walls thicken, harden arteries, causing the pumping process also becomes difficult, which is why the risk of cardiovascular disease increases with age. Epidemiological studies show that age is a predictor of the most important diseases. More than half of people with cardiovascular and stroke to four-fifths of the people died from stroke have a higher age of 65. Of course, you cannot reduce your lifespan, but the diet and the management of daily life can help slow the process of age-related macular degeneration causes.


In general, men are at risk of heart attack than women. However, old age women, after menopause is also at risk of cardiovascular disease are not much different than men. Currently, heart disease in women is becoming an alarming problem because of our own subjectivity. And after age 65, the risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women is the same.

Genetic factors

The research evidence shows that people with genetic factors for heart disease or stroke will be at risk of heart disease than others. If there is a family history of cardiovascular diseases, such as parents or your siblings had experienced problems before age 55, you have higher risk for cardiovascular disease than normal. Besides the risk factors leading to cardiovascular risks such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity can also genetic.

These risk factors can be changed:

Obesity and overweight

Because the diet is not logical when you eat too many foods with high fat content. The overweight will contribute to increasing total blood cholesterol levels and also brings the risk of high blood pressure and coronary artery disease. If at the level of obesity, cholesterol levels will skyrocket, especially high blood pressure and leads to diabetes. In many cases, obesity is responsible for most of the related disease, including cardiovascular disease largely. We can say obesity is a risk factor brings many other risk factors that can cause heart disease.

Smoking Addiction

Almost everyone knows that smoking increases the risk of lung cancer, but few realize it also significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Research shows that smoking increases heart rate, tighten the large arteries and make an irregular heartbeat, which can lead to cardiac arrhythmias. cardiac activity caused inefficiencies and become more difficult. Smoking also increases blood pressure and increases the risk of stroke in people who have high blood pressure.

Lack of physical activity

Those inactive or have little chance of physical activity will be at risk of developing heart disease than those who regularly exercise. The activity and exercise will burn calories, helps control cholesterol levels and diabetes, and the same time can lower blood pressure. Exercise also enhances flexibility and makes the heart muscle more flexible. Those positive 500-3500 calories per week burned by exercise or other forms of transport tend to live longer winter than non-exercisers. Even the exercise with moderate intensity, but steadily, and often also very useful.

High blood cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fatty substance analog available in the blood. The liver produces cholesterol to form cell membranes and certain hormones create other things. In addition to the cholesterol, the body also received a dose of cholesterol from food is tolerated, most of these foods of animal origin such as meat, eggs, dairy products …


Estimated that 65% of people with diabetes die from cardiovascular disease. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Part of the reason is because diabetes affects cholesterol and triglycerides. In addition, people with diabetes may also have high blood pressure and obesity enclosed, so the risk is also higher.

It can be seen as the cause of the majority of cardiovascular disease belongs to the group risk factors can be changed. Thus in order to maintain a healthy heart from today, you should follow the diet, healthy lifestyle. You should also medical check regularly for early detection of disease, if any. Give up the deadly habit such as smoking, drinking a lot. You have healthy heart means you have eliminated the genetic risk factors for the next generation.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Want to live your best life?
Get the Hello Doktor Daily newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.
You might also like