The feet are really important parts of the body since they take the weight of a whole body. Foot problems can quickly lead to discomfort and cause knee, hip and back pain. According to the research from The College of Podiatry, 9 in 10 people experience some sort of foot problem. These are some common foot problems in adults, how to treat them, and the prevention.
Fungal and Bacterial Conditions
This condition usually occurs when the feet spend a lot of time in humid shoes, which is a perfect place for fungus to grow. Fungal and bacterial conditions if left untreated can cause dry skin, redness, blisters, and peeling.
To prevent infections, people should keep their feet clean and dry. Often changing the shoes and socks also help keep your feet dry.
Corns and calluses on the feet
Corns and calluses are thickened skin on the foot that forms when put repeated pressure or friction in a small area. Sometimes the pressure of the corn or callus may cause inflammation and need surgery. People who regularly wear shoes that are narrow, tight, ill-fitting or high-heeled have higher risks of developing this condition. Treating corns and calluses at home may be harmful, due to over-the-counter medicines can destroy the tissue but do not treat the cause.
Warts come in many sizes, colors, sometimes cause pain and can spread if left untreated. They are caused by viruses called HPV. Because over-the-counter medicines rarely cure warts, a doctor may apply medicines, burn or freeze the wart off, or take the wart off with surgery.
Bunions are a foot deformity when the joints in your big toe no longer fit together because the big toe leans inward. The joint easily become swollen and tender. If a bunion is not severe, wearing shoes that fit properly or wearing pads that cushion the bunion may help the pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs and cortisone injections can be prescribed to relieve pain. In some cases, surgery is needed.
Ingrown toenail develops when a piece of the nail pressed into the skin edge – which can happen if you don’t cut your nails properly. Ingrown toenails are very common in the large toes as a result of shoe pressure. Ingrown toenails can cause pain, red or swollen skin adjacent to the nail.
A doctor can remove the outer margins of the nail that is cutting into the skin. Ingrown toenails can often be avoided by cutting the toenail straight across and level with the top of the toe. Wearing properly fitted shoes can help prevent this condition.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: April 5, 2017 | Last Modified: April 5, 2017
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