Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes


Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are high enough to cause serious health problems. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Your body cannot use insulin properly to lower the sugar levels in your blood. Below are some factors that can increase your risk for type 2 diabetes.

Older age

If you are 45 and older, you may have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This may be due to more weight gain and fewer activities as you are getting older, or slow and weak body functions.
Although older people have a higher chance of developing diabetes, more and more younger people all over the world are living with this condition.

Family history of diabetes and history of gestational diabetes

If you have a brother, sister or parent having diabetes, you are more likely to experience the condition.
If you have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, you have a greater chance of getting type 2 diabetes, even if gestational diabetes went away after you gave birth. Your child also has a higher risk of developing the disease later in life.


If your family background is African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American or Pacific Islander, you are at a high risk of having diabetes.

Lack of physical activities

An inactive lifestyle with exercising less than 3 times a week puts you at high risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activities are vital in helping you control blood sugar levels and promoting your cells to use insulin.
Physical activities also play an important role in keeping weight in track and improving respiratory system.

Other risks factors

Besides these above main risk factors, you may develop type 2 diabetes if:
  • Your blood sugar levels are higher than normal
  • Your blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mmHg
  • You are overweight: your body mass index (BMI) is higher than 30
  • Your cholesterol levels are not normal. Safe cholesterol level (HDL) is less than 35 and your triglyceride level is higher than 250.
  • You have blood vessel problems that can affect your brain and heart.
In type 2 diabetes, the body experiences a condition called insulin resistance. There are many risk factors that can lead to the disease. If you have any of those above symptoms, you should ask your healthcare provider to get tested, then you can be treated as soon as possible.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.

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