Due to modern lifestyles, diabetes is becoming popular and serious around the world. Besides men, women can easily face the disease before or during pregnancy. If you have already had diabetes and planned to have a baby, this is something you need to know to control your condition since it can be very dangerous.
If you have diabetes type 1 or type 2, and the disease is not well controlled, you are likely to deal with many problems. These include:
Increased risk of birth defects;
Very large baby;
Infection urinary tract;
Respiratory problems for the baby after birth;
Too much amniotic fluid (which can lead to premature birth);
Particularly, people with type 1 diabetes may face other problems, in which the baby will be adversely affected. The problems can be:
Abnormal growth and birth defects (particularly heart abnormalities);
Stillbirth or death shortly after birth;
Health problems soon after birth (such as heart and respiratory problems) which require hospitalization;
Risks of obesity or diabetes in the future.
Tips to control preexisting diabetes
If treated promptly and properly, the blood sugar will be well controlled. This helps minimize the effects of diabetes on the fetus. Women need to have their blood glucose closely monitored. They need to adjust the amount of medication to prevent any complication. A special diet and an appropriate workout plan can be helpful in controlling blood sugar.
A carefully designed diet
The first thing pregnant women with diabetes need is a reasonable diet. The diet should be specifically designed based on the guidance of your doctor or dietician. Energy demands depend on your pre-pregnancy weight, weight gain from pregnancy and also on the needs assessment earlier energy. Most pregnant women need to add more 300 calories compared with the daily standard whether they have diabetes or not.
A suitable exercise regimen
Exercising regularly and gently can help control blood glucose levels. However, the practice must be very cautious and well consulted.
During exercise, the heart rate of pregnant women needs to keep not to exceed 140 beats/minute.
The state should not extend tachycardia.
If patients feel tired, stop exercising and relax.
Like normal pregnant women, those with diabetes should walk or swim if possible. While swimming, lifting capacity of water will reduce the pressure on the joints without causing injuries to the bones and joints in the feet and legs.
If exercise regime and eating still cannot help control your blood sugar, preexisting diabetes in pregnancy should be treated with insulin. Insulin doses must be specified by the doctor and the women’s condition must be closely monitored during treatment to avoid hypoglycemia and other incidents. During pregnancy, insulin is a safe medication since it does not cross the placenta.
When suffering diabetes before and during pregnancy, the patient should consider carefully and consult with the doctor. Be well prepared to limit the risks that may occur as well as to protect the health of the mother and the baby.