Gestational Diabetes After Pregnancy

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Being diagnosed with gestational diabetes might bring up stress for many mothers. However, you may feel relieved to know that in most cases this condition will immediately go away after delivery. But, there are few important things to consider, especially the risks that every mother-to-be needs to tackle into consideration.

What is gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes (GDM) happens when a woman is diagnosed with diabetes during her pregnancy. Having diagnosed with GDM also means you are probably carrying the genes with high risk of bringing up type 2 diabetes. The most reliable way to find out whether you are carrying type 2 diabetes genes is to have a blood test. If GDM is not managed properly, the mother will be put at greater risk of having diabetes complications such as visual loss, feet damage, or organs’ problems.

What are the risks of having Gestational Diabetes after delivery?

After giving birth, some women are still struggling with blood glucose levels. If GDM still exists after delivery, there are some physical and emotional issues you should be aware of:

Type 2 diabetes

Having GDM will put you at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Many diabetic doctors recommend women with a history of GDM must take a two-hour glucose tolerance test at six weeks. This test also has to be repeated at least every three years after giving birth.

Unable to control weight

The risk of the recurrence of gestational diabetes might likely to happen on women failing to control their weight after delivery. This risk will probably appear when you have your next child and cause you develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Depression

According to a study, people with gestational diabetes may put themselves at high possibility of developing postpartum depression compare with mothers who did not experience diabetes during pregnancy. The depression will not appear in the first few weeks after delivery. However, if the mother continues to experience bad mood with unknown reasons, sleep trouble, loss of appetite, or having any thought of harming themselves or the baby, seeking for a doctor is necessary.

What are tips to reduce GDM risks?

In order to reduce gestational diabetes during pregnancy, it’s best to follow these tips:

  • Have a diet plan with healthy meals and rich nutrition (rich in fiber, vitamin Bs, Omega 3 cause these vitamins will help to prevent GDM).
  • Check blood glucose levels regularly.
  • Have enough sleep.
  • Create time for self-indulgence such as have dinner with your spouse, take a warm bath, read, or go out with a friend.
  • Ask and share your thought with other family members or friends.
  • Keep breastfeeding with controlled blood glucose. Breastfeeding is good for women with diabetes, but your blood glucose levels may fluctuate. In order to help prevent low or high blood glucose levels due to breastfeeding, you could try these tips:
    • Have a light snack before or during breastfeeding,
    • Drink enough fluids,
    • Keep something to treat low blood glucose nearby when you nurse.

Indeed, gestational diabetes will probably disappear after the women give birth. This possibility will increase if you follow a diabetes control plan with proper diet and exercise during pregnancy. After delivery, you should check your blood sugar levels for the next several days or weeks in order to confirm your GDM has actually disappeared.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources
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