Blood Glucose and Diabetes


Blood glucose monitoring is the main tool you have in diabetes management. This method can calculate your blood glucose level at any time.

Who should have a blood glucose monitoring?

Remember to ask for medical advice about whether you should check your blood glucose. People who benefit from this monitoring might include those:
  • That are hypoglycemic;
  • That are hypoglycemic without the usual warning signs;
  • Have ketones due to hyperglycemia;
  • Taking insulin;that are pregnant;
  • Having a difficult time controlling blood glucose levels.

How can I check?

Proceed the following steps:
  • Insert a test strip into your meter after washing your hands.
  • Use your lancing device on the side of your fingertip in order to get a drop of blood.
  • Touch and hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood and wait for the result.
  • Your blood glucose level will appear on the meter’s display screen.
Note: Always refer to your user’s manual for specific instructions since all meters are slightly different.

What are the target ranges?

The American Diabetes Association has suggested the following targets for most non-pregnant adults with diabetes:
  • Before a meal (Preprandial plasma glucose): 70–130 mg/dl;
  • 1-2 hours after beginning of the meal (Postprandial plasma glucose): < 180 mg/dl.
Note: More or less stringent glycemic goals may be appropriate for each individual.

What do my results mean?

When you finish the blood glucose check, write down your results in your notebook and review them to see how your diet, physical activity, and stress affect the blood glucose level. Take a closer look at your record to see if your level is too high or too low several days in a row at about the same time. You may also need to work with your medical professional to learn what your results mean for you. This takes time and patience. And make sure to keep in mind that blood glucose results often trigger strong feelings; for instance, they can leave you confused, upset, angry, frustrated, or even depressed. It is easy to use the numbers to judge yourself, therefore, remind yourself that your blood glucose level is just a way to track how well your diabetes management plan is working, and it is, of course, not a judgment of you as a person. The results only show whether you need a change in your diabetes plan.

Urine checks for glucose

Urine checks for glucose are not as accurate as blood glucose checks. They are only used when blood testing is impossible to perform. However, urine checks for ketones are important when your diabetes is out of control or when you are suffering from nephropathy, one of the diabetes complications. In fact, everyone with diabetes should know how to check urine for ketones.
In general, keeping a log of your blood glucose results is vital since you will have a whole picture of your body’s response to your diabetes care plan when you bring these records to your health care provider.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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