Basic Information of Diabetes: Risk Factors

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There are many factors which increase your risk for diabetes. To find out about your risk, note each item on this list that applies to you.

Type 1 diabetes

Although Research hasn’t concluded the exact cause of type 1 diabetes, factors that may signal an increased risk might include:

  • Family history. Your risk increases if your father, mother or sibling has type 1 diabetes.
  • Environmental factors.
  • The presence of damaging immune system cells, which is known as autoantibodies. However, not everyone who has these autoantibodies develops diabetes.
  • Dietary factors, such as early exposure to cow’s milk or cow’s milk formula, low vitamin D consumption, and exposure to cereals before 4 months of age. However, none of these factors has been shown to directly cause type 1 diabetes.
  • Some countries such as Finland and Sweden have higher rates of type 1 diabetes.

Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes

It is obvious that certain factors increase the risk, including:

  • Heavyweight.
  • The less active you are, the greater your risk is. Physical activity is a great choice in controlling your weight, which absorbs glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
  • Family history. Your risk increases if your father, mother or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
  • People of certain races, including Hispanics, American Indians, and Asian-Americans, are at higher risk, even though the reason is still unclear.
  • As you grow older, the more likely you are at risk. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is also increasing dramatically among children, adolescents, and younger adults.
  • Gestational diabetes. Your risk of developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes may increase if you developed gestational diabetes during your pregnancy period.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome in women.
  • High blood pressure. Having blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or more is connected to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Gestational diabetes

Any pregnant woman might develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk than are others. The risk factors of gestational diabetes might include:

  • Women older than age 25 are at higher risk.
  • Being overweight before pregnancy might your risk.
  • Family or personal history. Your risk increases if your father, mother or sibling has type 2 diabetes. You are also at greater risk if you already had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, or if you gave birth to a heavy-weighed baby.
  • Women who are black, Hispanic, American Indian or Asian are more likely to develop gestational diabetes, although the reason is still unclear.

If you have any of the items above, make sure to talk with your medical professional about your risk for diabetes and whether you should be tested.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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