A Balanced Diet for Type 1 Diabetes


It is undeniable that a healthy eating lifestyle plays a significant part in everyone’s life, especially to those who has type 1 diabetes. If you have just been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and baffled about what to eat, here’s what you should know.

What should I eat?

The first thing people wonder when they have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes is what they should eat to control their blood glucose level? Surprisingly, you don’t have to avoid eating anything. You can enjoy food just like other people as long as you watch for the proportion, the sugar, calories and carbohydrate intake and so on. In the past, people who have diabetes has to avoid eating a lot of foods and follow strict diets in order to control their condition. However, with the increasing availability and flexibility of insulin, the list of ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’ is now long gone.

Is there anything I should avoid?

Stay away from coke, processed juices or fizzy drinks so that your blood glucose level doesn’t get towards the roof. As a matter of fact, sugary drinks usually make blood glucose rise up quickly. This explains why they can be used to treat a hypo (low blood glucose levels). If you must, choose the diet, or low sugar ones instead of normal drinks. Drink more water if possible. Tea and coffee are consumable, too.

Watch your carbohydrate intake

Carbohydrate foods that have a low glycemic index (low GI) are more slowly digested and produce a more gradual rise in blood glucose levels, helping to sustain more even blood glucose levels.

Lower GI foods include:

  • Denser whole grain bread;
  • Wholegrain cereals;
  • Pasta;
  • Rice;
  • Legumes – dried peas, beans, and lentils;
  • Milk, yogurt;
  • Fruit – apples, apricots, bananas, mango, orange, pears, plums, peaches;
  • Vegetables – corn, green banana, taro, yams.

Sugar intake

Foods that contains a lot of sugar often offers low nutritional value, high in fat and add plenty of carbohydrates to your diet. These things will make your blood sugar levels to rise drastically.

Foods high in sugar include syrups, honey, sweetened tinned fruit, cakes, puddings, sweet biscuits, sweetened condensed milk, chocolate, ice cream, cordial, soft drink, fruit juice, beer, sweet sherry, sweet wines and, of course, sugar used in excess with a meal or snack, etc.

‘Sugar-free’ products, such as biscuits and chocolate, are not necessary. They are often high in fat and expensive.

Watch your alcohol intake

One friendly reminder is that alcohol does have calories but it can interfere with your medications. Recommended alcohol for those people with diabetes is less than one drink per day for women and no more than two per day for men.

Eating the right food can make you healthier and avoid any complications related to diabetes such as heart diseases and stroke. Go to meet a prestigious dietician or consult with your doctor to find out the most suitable eating plan tailored to your health and your needs.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

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