The Basics of Dermatitis


You notice rashes on your skin? These rashes are itchy, painful and irritated? This can be called dermatitis. If you do not know what dermatitis means, or even if you have never heard of this word, you can find some useful things in this article.

What is dermatitis?

Dermatitis, or a rash, is an area of swollen skin. If you are at early stages of dermatitis, or your dermatitis is mild, you may experience itchiness, dryness, and redness. More severe dermatitis can show up cracks, pain, blisters, and raw patches of skin.

Some rashes develop right after you have the problem. Some others appear after several days. Some rashes can clear up quickly. Some others can stay on your skin for a long period of time.

Several things can cause your dermatitis and your doctor will design proper treatment for you based on the specific type of condition. Thus, it is important to determine what kind you have before you have it treated, although treatment may be similar for most kinds.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a condition in which your skin becomes red, swollen, dry, sore after you contact with certain substances. Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema. Symptoms usually appear within a few hours, or days after the exposure.

There are 2 common types of contact dermatitis, including irritant dermatitis and allergic dermatitis.

Irritant dermatitis is the most common type of contact dermatitis. It occurs when you are exposed to certain substances such as soaps, laundry detergents, fabric softeners, cleansers, shampoos, hair dyes, pesticides, rubber products, latex products, or other chemicals. It is not caused by allergies. Common symptoms of irritant dermatitis are dry, inflamed skin, blisters, stiffness, and tightness.

Allergic dermatitis occurs when you are allergic to an irritant. Your immune system responds to the allergy by causing your skin to develop the allergic reaction. Your body may need more than one exposure to develop the reaction. Common symptoms of allergic dermatitis are oozing blisters, redness, dryness, swelling, cracks, itchiness, and burning.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic skin problem. Atopic dermatitis occurs when your body react to allergens. Atopic dermatitis most commonly happens in children, but the adult can also get it. Common symptoms of atopic dermatitis include dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, elbows, feet, and hands. Atopic is not contagious. Atopic dermatitis cannot be cured but treatment can help relieve the symptoms.

Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by inflamed patches of skin with yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis can appear on several parts of your skin but it is most commonly found in oily areas such as face, ears, scalps. Nobody knows the exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis. Risk factors may include stress, age, weather, oily skin, Parkinson’s disease, stroke recovery. Symptoms include greasy patches of skin, redness, itchiness, and hair loss.

Stasis dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis, also called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema. Stasis dermatitis happens in people who have the inadequate blood supply. It most commonly develops in your legs because the valves in your legs are one-way. The first sign of stasis dermatitis is inflammation around the ankle. Early symptoms include pain in the legs when you stand or walk for a long time; itchiness, dryness, redness, and swelling on the skin. In severe cases, your skin may become very sensitive.

Nummular dermatitis

Nummular dermatitis, also known as discoid eczema, causes coin-shaped rashes on the skin. The rashes may be itchy, made up of tiny spots. Nummular dermatitis often develops after an insect bite, burn, or friction of the skin. This condition is more common in men than women. Symptoms are found in arms, hands, and feet. Treatment can help nummular dermatitis clear up completely. It may take a year or more.

Dermatitis can be the sign of several health problems. Hope this article help you understand simply about this common condition. Now you can be able to know what your rashes mean. However, a medical professional can determine the underlying cause exactly.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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