What You Should Know about Skin


Skin is an important part of our body; not only having physical functions, but skin also affects how we look. So, what do you know about skin and skin problems? Here is some basic information about skin that you may concern about.

How is your skin organized?

It sounds surprising that adult skin can be 2 square meters (22 square feet) wide and 8 pounds (3.6 kilograms) in weight. Our skin is a complete organ that has two main functions: protect us from and connect us to the outside environment. Skin structure has three layers:

Epidermis – the outermost layer. It provides a waterproof barrier protecting us from extremes of temperature, harmful chemical, damaging sunlight. Besides, epidermis also includes melanocytes which produce pigment melanin; our skin color is created by pigment. Epidermis is made up of several overlapping layers of skin cells that rich with keratin and protein.

Dermis. This layer is right beneath epidermis composed of connective tissues called collagen and elastine. Dermis also houses a network of blood vessels, nerve fibers, hair follicles, oil glands. Collagen and elastine give your skin firmness and elasticity.

Hypodermis or Subcutaneous layer. Hypodermis contains fat and connective tissues. The seam of fat plays a role as fuel reserve in case of food shortage. It also mitigates external forces hitting on us.

Skin problems you may face with

Acne. This is the most common skin condition that affects most people during the teenage time. Acne occurs when a pore clogged with oil and dead skin cells gets inflamed; oil and bacteria are main causes of acne. There are some types of acne: whitehead, blackhead, papule, nodule, pustules, and cysts depending on the inflammatory levels.

Rash. It can be known as any change in the skin’s appearance which is most caused by irritation.

Dry skin. Dry skin makes you feel discomfort and can affect your appearance. Surrounding temperature can significantly affect on your body’s humidity.

Dandruff. The condition in which your scalp looks scaly. Usually, dandruff is the result of dry skin, irritated and oily skin, dermatitis or psoriasis.

Age spots. When you get too much sun exposure, age spots occur as a natural reaction of your body. They are more common as you get older.

Melasma. This is a tan or brown patches on your cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. It usually happens in pregnant women but does  not fade away after pregnancy. Sunlight can make the condition worse.

Warts. They are harmless but unsightly. Warts are caused by viruses and spread when you touch something used by infected people.

Rosacea. Infected skin is easy to flush, followed by redness on nose, chin, cheeks and forehead. Rosacea may look like acne.

Razor bumps. Razor bumps may appear after you shave; hair curls back and grow into your skin. Razor bumps can cause irritation, pimples, and scars. Using shaving cream can reduce razor bumps.

Skin tags. These are small flaps of tissue hanging off your skin by a stalk; positions where skin tags usually appear are neck, chest, arms, back, armpits. They are not dangerous but may make you uncomfortable.

Treatments for your skin

Medications. Some types of medicines can kill the bacteria and protect your skin from infected. However, medications should be used under the instructions from dermatologists; because you can not ensure whether your skin reacts with drugs.

Moisturizers. Body moisturizers may include these form: ointments, creams, lotions, and oils. Using moisturizers can keep your skin from too dry. You should have moisturizers with doctor’s instructions because they know what type of moisturizers is most suitable for your skin without irritation.

Cosmetic surgery. If skin problems annoyed you or make you feel self-conscious, you can have cosmetic surgeons to apply skin procedures.

Caring for skin means we are protecting the whole body. Our skin is weak and vulnerable; therefore, if you have any skin problems that you are not sure, consulting a doctor is the best solution.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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