Skin hyperpigmentation can occur in many different forms and is the result of many factors. For example, aging spots appear with age or when the skin is exposed to excessive sunlight, fungus or bacteria in the direction of skin color changes. So which types of hyperpigmentation do you usually have? This article below will show you.

Sunspots

When the skin is exposed for a long time to the sun, you are at risk of age-related macular degeneration, or pigmented lesions. These are usually brown spots. They can be tiny as dust particles or larger than your thumb tips. Aging spots happen when you get older and will get more serious if you are more exposed to the sun.

Mole and freckles

Freckles are dark spots, perfectly flat and are especially common in people with fair skin. Meanwhile, the mole can be flat or raised on the skin surface, which is found on all skin types. In general, freckles are a benign hyperpigmentation phenomenon. However, moles can develop into malignant tumors. Therefore, you should pay attention to them regularly to prevent the bad circumstances. Especially when there are changes in shape, color, or size.

Acne

Acne can lead to temporary hyperpigmentation of the skin. However, you need to avoid confusion with other reddish spots or red rash. In general, this problem can be reduced gradually from 3-6 months. But you can also use local treatment to speed up the coloring process.

Melasma

This skin pigmentation is one of the most common conditions in pregnant women. It also occurs in women who take birth control pills or experiencing hormonal changes during menopause. In addition, there are a number of other causes that are not known.

Basically, skin pigmentation is characterized by dark streaks. They usually appear on the forehead, cheeks, nose or upper lip and form in the symmetrical pattern. Currently, topical creams containing tretinoin, hydroquinone or azelaic acid are used quite widely in the treatment of pigmentation. In addition, laser treatments are methods that is believed to bring the certain results.

Fungus

In fact, fungal skin is a relatively common skin disease. It is caused by a fungus that often comes from infectious tools such as combs, unclothed clothes, and showers. In addition to appearing on the legs, fungal skin can also appear on the body. Also, it is characterized by manifestations of itching, reddening of the skin that may occasionally form a ring pattern.

Even after curing, they also lead to hyperpigmentation with dark spots. These spots will take weeks or even months to fade. And the best solution for you is to use an anti-fungal cream.

Basically, each type of hyperpigmentation has its own causes and treatments. In particular, in case you suspect suspicion of hyperpigmentation may be precancerous or any other serious illness, let seek medical advice.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources
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