A nebulizer is a machine that delivers medicine to help you breathe. It turns liquid medication into a fine mist that is inhaled into your lungs through a mouthpiece or a face mask. The medicated mist can open up your lungs and helps you breathe better. It is important to know how to use your nebulizer properly.
How to prepare a nebulizer?
1. Wash your hands. Start by washing your hands for 20 seconds with soap under running water. Rinse your hands and dry them off with a paper towel. Turn off the faucet using a paper towel.
2. Place the medication into the nebulizer. Unscrew the top of the nebulizer cup and put the prescribed medication into the nebulizer. Secure the top tightly to prevent the medication from spilling out. Don’t forget to plug the air compressor into an electrical outlet if it is not battery operated.
3. Attach the mouthpiece. Secure it to the nebulizer cup. Although different manufacturers may have slightly different jet nebulizers, most mouthpieces will attach to the top of the nebulizer cup. Most nebulizers have mouthpieces instead of facemasks since masks can lead to facial deposits.
4. Connect the tubing. Attach one end of the oxygen tubing to the nebulizer cup. On most types of nebulizers, the tubing will connect to the bottom of the cup. Connect the other end of the tubing to an air compressor used for nebulizers.
How to use a nebulizer?
1. Turn on the air compressor and use the nebulizer. Put the mouthpiece into your mouth, above the tongue, and keep your lips sealed tightly around it. Inhale slowly and deeply in through your mouth so that all the medicine goes into your lungs. Exhale through your mouth or nose. For adults, holding the nose closed can help ensure the medicine is inhaled through the mouth.
2. Continue to inhale the medication. Sit up and keep inhaling the medication until the mist stops. This usually takes about 10-15 minutes. Once all liquid is gone, the mist stops coming out. The nebulizer cup should be empty. Distract yourself by watching TV or listening to music.
3. Turn off the nebulizer and clean up. Be sure to unplug it from the outlet and detach the medicine cup and mouthpiece from the tubing. Wash the medicine cup and mouthpiece with warm soapy water and rinse them with water. Place the equipment on a clean towel to fully air dry. Make sure to do this after each treatment and daily.
Don’t wash the tubing. If it gets wet, replace the tubing. Also, don’t put any parts of the nebulizer into a dishwasher to clean it because the heat can warp the plastic.
4. Disinfect the nebulizer once a week. To disinfect, always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines. Soak all parts, except for the tubing, in one part white distilled vinegar to three parts hot water for one hour. Discard the solution. Rinse the parts, except for the tubing, in cold water and air-dry them on a clean towel. After the parts are dry, store them in a clean area in the case.
It is helpful that you need to know how to use a nebulizer if there is someone have lung disease in your family. Taking care of them or even yourself with knowledge and your love is the best medicine for their health.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 17, 2017 | Last Modified: January 17, 2017
Using a Nebulizer. https://www.nationaljewish.org/healthinfo/medications/lung-diseases/devices/nebulizers/instructions/. Accessed January 17, 2017.
How to use a nebulizer. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000006.htm. Accessed January 17, 2017.