Bone pain is pain that occurs to your bone. It can affect one or more bones. Bone pain differs from muscle pain. In muscle pain, the pain may be relieved by not moving or keep the muscle stationary. Bone pain does not go away even when you stay still.
Bone pain is usually associated with other conditions such as diseases that affect the bone structure or function, or diseases that changes the hormones that promote bone growth.
What are some causes of bone pain?
There are several causes of bone pain. Bone pain can occur after an injury such as a car accident or a fall. This is the most common cause of bone pain. Fractured or broken bones from the injury or trauma cause bone pain.
Another reason for bone pain is insufficient mineral. Your bones need vitamin D, calcium and phosphorous to be healthy. Lack of mineral, either from a poor diet or from diseases that reduce mineral absorption can lead to bone pain. Bone pain from calcium and vitamin D deficiency is commonly refered to as osteoporosis.
The most serious type of bone pain is bone cancer that originated from the bone or cancer that has spread to the bones (metastatic bone cancer). Cancer can destroy the bone structure, make the skeleton weaker and causing severe bone pain.
Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow. Bone marrow is the spongy tissues located in each bone and they are what keep our bone regenerate. Patients with leukemia often experience bone pain, especially in the legs.
An infection to the bone is a serious condition called osteomyelitis. Bone infection will kill bone cells, leading to bone pain.
Bone pain are often caused by serious conditions. You should see the doctor if:
- You experience unexplained bone pain that does not improve within a few days.
- Bone pain is accompanied by weight loss, decreased appetite, or general fatigue.
- Your bone pain is the result of an injury.
What are some diagnosis and tests of bone pain?
Your doctor will find the cause of your bone pain. Treatment for the underlying cause of bone pain often reduce the pain drastically. You will need to describe the pain to your doctor. Some questions you can expect are:
- Where do you feel the pain?
- When did the pain start?
- Have the pain gotten worse from then?
- Do you have any other symptoms accompany bone pain?
To have the best diagnosis, your doctor may request some tests including:
- Blood tests (such as CBC, blood differential);
- Bone x-rays, bone scan;
- CT or MRI scan;
- Hormone level tests;
- Pituitary and adrenal gland function tests;
- Urine tests.
What are the treatments of bone pain?
Your doctor may decide on a treatment for the underlying condition. Treating that condition will make the pain stop. You might be given medication for pain relief such as:
- Anti-inflammatory medicines;
- Laxatives (if you develop constipation during prolonged bed rest);
- Pain relievers;
- If pain is related to thinning bones, you may need treatment for osteoporosis.
If you don’t have enough vitamin D and calcium, you may be given supplements. Patients with serious bone pain, such as bone cancer, may require radiation therapy, and chemotherapy surgery to feel better. An infected bone might need to be removed.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Bone pain or tenderness. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003180.htm. Accessed September 7, 2016.
Bone Pain. http://www.healthline.com/health/bone-pain#Overview1. Accessed September 7, 2016.