Stomach pain is a type of pain that happened in the abdomen area. Stomach pain may also be referred to as abdominal pain or stomach ache. The pain in the abdomen can come from the abdominal muscle, from organs within the abdomen or organs near the abdomen. Any infection or damage to these organs can cause stomach pain. For stomach pain that does not go away, you should take notice on where the pain is coming from and if you have any other symptoms associated with the pain. Here are some of the common causes of stomach pain:

Constipation

If you suffer from constipation, you are very familiar with stomach pain. Constipation is defined as having trouble passing stool or no bowel movement for more than three consecutive days. When your body cannot have a bowel movement, your stools become impacted in your large intestine. Your lower stomach may extend outwards and have painful bloating. Constipation can affect a person at any age. To avoid constipation, you should drink plenty of water and have lots of fiber in your diet. Regular exercise can also help with your bowel movements.

Diarrhea

Stomach pain can also be caused by severe diarrhea, which is loose and watery stools. Having diarrhea means passing loose stools at least three or more times a day. Acute diarrhea is a common problem that usually lasts 1 or 2 days and goes away on its own. Let your doctor know if your diarrhea lasts longer than 2 days. It may be a sign of a stomach infection or other serious condition. Diarrhea can cause dehydration and the loss of essential electrolytes. Drink plenty of water with electrolytes to avoid dehydration.

Gastroenteritis or stomach flu

Gastroenteritis, also known as the stomach flu, is a very common condition that causes diarrhea and vomiting. It’s usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Some other signs and symptoms may include fever, nausea, and headache. If you have any of these signs your should tell your doctor. You may need medical attention to treat your infection and possible dehydration.

Appendicitis

When you have pain in your lower right side of your abdomen, you may have an appendicitis, which is the inflammation of your appendix. Your appendix is a small pouch of tissue that extends from your large intestine. The function of your appendix is still unknown. Appendicitis occurs when your appendix gets blocked by stool or a foreign substance. If left untreated, your appendix may burst and cause the infection to spread in your body. Some other signs and symptoms other than stomach pain are high fever, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. If you have any of these signs, contact your doctor right away.

Urine infection

Urine infections, also known as urinary tract infections, can also cause stomach pain as well as fever and pain while urinating. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection. Urinary infections are more common in women than men. You should let your doctor know if you have any signs of a urine infection. You may need a course of antibiotic drugs to treat your infection.

Indigestion

Pain from indigestion is often caused by certain foods. The pain is usually felt as a discomfort at the top of your stomach. Indigestion is usually caused by high-fat foods and eating large meals. When your stomach can not hold and digest your food, it sometimes will overflow and cause painful discomfort. You may feel like burping frequently and have a sour acid taste in your mouth. The pain may last for a few hours and can worsen with stress.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition that occurs when the food in your stomach is forced back up into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). The food in your stomach is mixed with acid during digestion. When it refluxes back up into the esophagus, it causes a burning sensation. This pain is called a heartburn.  You can help manage your GERD by avoiding spicy foods, large meals, and high fat foods.

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, long-term condition of the digestive system. It can cause episodes of stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhea and/or constipation. IBS most often affects women more than men. You can manage your IBS symptoms by avoiding certain foods that can trigger stomach pain. These foods may include cheese, high sugary foods, and processed foods. You should eat more vegetables, fruits and drink plenty of water. Regular exercise is also recommended.

Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease causes inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Crohn’s disease can be both painful and debilitating and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications.

Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a common digestive problem where the body is unable to digest lactose, a type of sugar mainly found in milk and dairy products. Symptoms of lactose intolerance include flatulence (wind), diarrhea, bloated stomach and stomach cramps.

Gallstones or kidney stones

Kidney stones and gallstones can both cause stomach pain. Gallstones are hard deposits that are formed in your gallstones while kidney stones are hard calcified stones formed in your kidneys. They both can cause severe pain. Your doctor may prescribe medication to dissolve these stones or the stones can be released from the body.

The next time you have stomach pain, you should check and see if you have any of these common conditions. Let your doctor know right away. Early detection of any condition will help you respond better to treatment.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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