What Is Fifth Disease


Fifth disease (bacterial infection) is a mild infectious disease that causes upper respiratory tract infections, most commonly in children between the ages of 5 and 14. However, occasionally the disease is also seen in adults and can be especially dangerous for pregnant women. Virus disease leads to redness on the cheeks, arms, and legs. The name of the virus that causes this disease is human Parvovirus B19. The virus that causes the condition is Parvovirus.


These are the most common symptoms of the fifth disease:

  • About 2 to 3 weeks after exposure to the super germs, a rash can appear on the face. This redness looks like the cheeks were slapped, and the area around the mouth looks pale. These signs are usually seen only in children.
  • A reddish, spotted, like borderline possible appears on the arm and can spread to the chest, back and thighs. The redness may fade but could worsen when the person is exposed to the hot vapor, such as hot or cold shower, sunbathing. The redness may persist in a few weeks. For some people, red rash does not appear.

Fifth disease is not severe for most children. However, the symptoms look like serious rashes, so discuss the disease and let the pediatrician know about the medicines your children are taking.

There are no specific remedies for acute fifth disease, treatment is just to reduce the symptoms. For example, if your child has a fever or aches, you can give acetaminophen. If new symptoms appear, he or she feels more tired, temperature rise, call your doctor.


A child with the acute rash is very contagious when he or she is experiencing cold-like symptoms, usually before it rains. But when it is rash, the baby is not infectious anymore. However, as a rule, if your child has a rash or fever, keep your baby away from other children until the doctor determines what the disease is. As a precaution, wait until your baby is free of fever and feel normal before allowing him or her to play with other children.

Keeping children away from pregnant women is another importance (especially during the first three months of pregnancy) because the virus can cause serious or even lethal embryo death when pregnant women are infected.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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