Childhood disorders, often labeled as developmental disorders or learning disorders, most often occur and are diagnosed when the child is at school age. Although some adults may also relate to some of the symptoms of these disorders, typically the disorder’s symptoms need to have first appeared at some point in the person’s childhood.
A neurodevelopmental disorder is described as genetic or acquired biological disability in the functioning of the brain that is responsible for the dysfunction in the child’s behavior. It also affects the memory and ability to learn such as mental retardation, dyslexia, cerebral palsy and autism etc. It addresses the complexities of the of the central nervous system development in children. There are four major categories of these disorders which include: cognitive dysfunction, behavioral problems, motor dysfunction, and seizures. The neurodevelopmental behavioral disorder includes physical as well as functional abnormalities. The migration of neurons may be affected by exposure to x-ray radiation, alcohol or methylmercury.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
This is a chronic illness that starts at a young age and can last until adulthood. Children and adults with this condition often cannot notice for long, cannot sit still and act in an uncontrolled way. Because of these traits, a child who is often scolded leads to a complex and can cause many obstacles in the way of education, in work as well as in relationships with others.
Most children with ADHD do not have all of the symptoms mentioned above. In addition, boys and girls often have different symptoms. Boys are more likely to be hyperactive, while girls are often more susceptible to illness. Girls who do not pay attention are often dreaming about it, while boys who have ADHD usually feel uncomfortable, sitting quietly. Boys often do not obey the teacher or the older. Therefore, they are more likely to be “noticed”.
ADHD needs to be identified and treated. Drugs and psychotherapy are two treatments that need to be practiced in parallel to help them succeed academically and have a better, happier life.
Autism is a disease in the group of serious developmental problems, called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) that occur in childhood – usually before the age of 3. Although symptoms and severity different, all autism disorders affect a child’s ability to communicate and interact with others.
Autistic children often have problems in three key areas of development – social interaction, language, and behavior. But because the symptoms of autism vary greatly, the two children along with the diagnosis can act quite differently and have different outstanding skills. In most cases, though, severe autism is marked by complete inability to communicate or interact with others.
Some children have signs of autism at an early stage. Other children can develop normally for the past few months or years of life but then suddenly become disoriented, become violent or lose the language skills they already have. Although each child with autism may have a unique pattern of behavior, autism has some common symptoms.
Children with cerebral palsy do not develop any neurologic damage during the pre-5-year period in the fields of motor, mental, language, behavior and sensory. Therefore, to evaluate children is normal, the early signs of cerebral palsy children need to rely on those areas. But there’re some significant symptoms which can help discover and treat the child. Babies are very weak or tender after calving, especially after obstetric problems such as poor birth, purple asphyxia, asphyxia, premature birth, premature birth, low birth weight, Caesarean section.
When treating and rehabilitating children with developmental disorders, the problem of early detection and intervention plays a decisive role in their progress.
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Review Date: May 5, 2017 | Last Modified: May 5, 2017
John M. Grohol, Psy. D, Childhood & Developmental Disorders, https://psychcentral.com/childhood/. Accessed on March 23, 2017.
Journal of Childhood and Developmental Disorders, https://childhood-developmental-disorders.imedpub.com/. Accessed on March 23, 2017.