Uterine sarcoma is a disease in which cancer cells form in the muscles of the uterus or other tissues that support the uterus. Uterine sarcoma is considered a rare type of cancer in the uterine muscles and the tissues supporting the uterus.
If you are diagnosed with uterine sarcoma, your doctor may offer you these types of treatment:
Surgery is the most common treatment for uterine sarcoma. Although all cancer has been removed from your body through surgery, sometimes you need to be given chemotherapy or radiation therapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells left. Surgery is usually used for patients with stage III of cancer. Treatment given after the surgery to reduce the risk of reoccurrence is called adjuvant therapy.
After surgery, you can resume normal activities in 4 to 8 weeks. However, some women may experience feelings of loss that may make intimacy difficult.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells and prevent them from developing. There are two types of radiation therapy. One is the external radiation therapy using a machine outside the body to send radiation toward cancer cells. The other is the internal radiation therapy that uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near cancer areas. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of cancer.
Radiation therapy will reduce the number of white blood cells in your body. Some women may experience diarrhea or frequent and uncomfortable urination, or even dryness, itching, tightening, and burning in the vagina.
Chemotherapy is a therapy that uses drugs to prevent cancer cells from growing. Chemotherapy will either destroy the cells or prevent them from developing and spreading. You can use chemotherapy by using medication taken orally or directly injected into a vein. When drugs go into your body, they will quickly enter the bloodstream.
The drugs follow bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout your body and destroy them with powerful chemicals (systemic chemotherapy). Another way for chemotherapy goes into the body is to place them directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen where the cancer cells are located, and the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of cancer.
Hormone therapy stops cancer cells from growing by removing hormones and stopping their actions in your body. Hormones are produced by glands in the body and circulated in the bloodstream. Some cancer can grow thanks to hormones. If tests show the cancer cells have places where hormones can attach (receptors), drugs, surgery, or radiation therapy is used to reduce the production of hormones or block them from working.
Women taking progesterone may experience fatigue and changes in appetite and weight, and they may retain fluid. Premenopausal women may have changes in their menstrual periods.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 26, 2017 | Last Modified: January 16, 2017
Sarcoma Treatment: An Overview. http://sarcomahelp.org/sarcoma-treatment.html. Accessed January 16, 2017.
Uterine Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview. http://www.webmd.com/cancer/tc/uterine-sarcoma-treatment-pdq-treatment---patient-information-nci-treatment-option-overview. Accessed January 16, 2017.