What are allergies and what parts of the body can be affected by this disease? 

Allergy is a reaction of the body that is too sensitive to a foreign substance which is probably no harmful at all. This substance is called allergenic or antigen. When encountered with these allergens, the immune system becomes sensitive, through allergic reactions, thus producing a staging chemical that causes an inflammation. Allergy can manifest in most parts of the body including the respiratory system which can cause Allergic Asthma.

What Is Allergic Asthma?

If you have allergic asthma, your airways are extra sensitive to certain allergens. Once they get into your body, your immune system overreacts. The muscles around your airways tighten. The airways become inflamed and over time are flooded with thick mucus.

Whether you have allergic asthma or non-allergic asthma, the symptoms are generally the same. You’re likely to:

  • Cough
  • Wheeze
  • Be short of breath
  • Breathe quickly
  • Feel your chest get tight

Which substances can cause allergies?

In other words, what kind of substances can become a heterologue or allergen?

Any substance can become a heterologue or allergen, if the sensitive body reacts. However, some substances, due to special physio-chemical mechanisms, become more heterogeneous than others. For example, the pollen from many plants, dust, cereals, moldy, and so on.

How to prevent Allergic Asthma?

  • Avoid environmental stimulants. Patients with allergic asthma should avoid contact with pollen and mold, anything that causes you to have allergy;
  • All allergens indoors, such as dirt and animal hair, should be avoided.
  • Avoid exposure to particular allergens such as exposure to smoke and perfumes.
  • Rapid changes in temperature and environmental pollution can cause non-specific effects on patients with allergic rhinitis;
  • Avoid stress, stimulants and reduce the use of aspirin.
  • Patients with allergic asthma need to be extra careful with the changes in weather.
  • Keep your nose clean. Regularly use warm water or physiological saline to wash your nose.
  • Avoid passive smoke.


The use of some medications for the treatment of allergic rhinitis is usually the most commonly used method. The drugs prescribed for the treatment of allergic rhinitis include

Antihistamines that inhibit the release or synthesis of allergen-mediated chemical substances, Nasal spray, small spray, Corticosteroids for acute and severe episodes.

Immunotherapy is used when two of the treatments for allergic asthma are not effective. This is a method applied to an allergic subject to be absorbed with an ascending therapeutic dose to achieve a hypersensitivity, that is, to reduce the symptoms of natural exposure back to the same allergen. Immune therapy is the only method of treating the root cause of allergies.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

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