Hay fever, also commonly called allergic rhinitis, has some similar symptoms to cold, such as a runny nose, itchy eyes, sneezing and congestion. While the cold is caused by a virus, allergens, like pollen, the fur of cats or dogs, dust mites cause this fever. Hay fever is not a life-threatening disease but it may interfere a lot with your daily life, including your performance at work or school. So how can we distinguish a hay fever from a common cold?
Symptoms may occur after breathing in an allergic-causing (like dust or pollen) last as long as you are in contact with allergens.
Symptoms of hay fever can include:
- A runny nose and nasal congestion: both nostrils get runny with thin, watery discharge
- Itchy nose: the feeling of itchiness may last from a couple of hours to days
- Sneezing: this is a natural reaction when your immune system reacts to substances.
- Swollen, blue-colored skin under the eyes: the blood vessels around the eyes can also be congested.
- Tiredness and fatigue.
Signs of hay fever may appear or get worse at a particular time of year.
- Tree pollen, grass pollen in spring
- Grass pollen in summer
- Ragweed pollen in fall
- Dust mites, cockroaches, and dander from pets can occur anytime in all seasons (perennial). Symptoms to indoor allergens might worsen in winter or rain season when houses are closed up.
- Spoors from indoor and outdoor fungi and molds are also considered both seasonal and perennial.
When to find a doctor
- Your hay fever symptoms were not relieved in a long time (more than 5 days).
- Allergy medications have no effects.
- Being in worse condition than just normal hay fever symptoms, such as asthma, nasal polyps or frequent sinus infections.
If rhinitis allergic reaction lasts long, it might have similar symptoms to sinusitis, you will undergo an IgE test or X-ray test to distinguish these two diseases.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: November 11, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Allergic Rhinitis. http://acaai.org/allergies/types/hay-fever-rhinitis. Accessed October 23, 2016.
Hay Fever. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hay-fever/basics/symptoms/con-20020827. Accessed October 23, 2016.Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis) http://www.medicinenet.com/hay_fever/page2.htm. Accessed October 23, 2016.