Allergic rhinitis is the condition in which your immune system react violently to particles in the air, especially the dust. When the particles get into your body, your immune system fights them by releasing antibodies. This results in symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal itching, and rhinorrhea.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
People with allergic rhinitis usually experience:
- Repeated sneezing, usually when the allergens were absorbed through respiratory system
- A non-stop runny nose
- Postnasal drip
- Watery eyes
- Itching in the ears, nose, and throat (in severe conditions)
What are the allergens?
Allergic rhinitis is often caused by pollens. Some people may be allergic to dust mites, animal dander, and mold. Other harmless things such as cereal grain and wood dust can also trigger allergic rhinitis. If your allergens are pollens, you only exhibit allergic reactions at certain times during the year.Especially in spring, because many kinds of flowers bloom at that time. If you are allergic to indoor particles, you might suffer those symptoms all year long.
How is allergic rhinitis diagnosed?
To determine if you have allergic rhinitis, your doctor will need to know about your symptoms and examine you. The symptoms you have, the place and the time you get them, and things worsen or relieve them, are essential information. They can help your doctor find out whether you have allergies or another medical issue. You may need to take some tests to figure out your allergens. Allergy testing includes skin tests and lab tests. In a skin test, your doctor puts a small concentrated extract of an allergen on your skin to see if it triggers allergic reactions. And, lab tests look for potential substances that might put you at risk for allergies.
What are the treatments?
There has not been any cure for allergic rhinitis. The best thing you can do to keep yourself safe is avoiding your allergens. If you are allergic to indoor substances, you will need to clean your house regularly to get rid of dust or molds. If you are allergic to any kind of pollens, you should limit your outdoor time when the pollen counts are high.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can be treated with over-the-counter medications. However, it only works unless you belong to one of the groups below:
- People with asthma
- Older adults
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women
In that case, you need to seek medical care as soon as possible to prevent serious complications from developing.
If the symptoms are severe, or you cannot avoid exposure to allergens, immunotherapy may work for you. It helps to prevent, or at least relieve the allergic reactions. But you will need to take some tests to figure out what your allergens are before you can have immunotherapy.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Allergic Rhinitis – Topic Overview. http://www.webmd.com/allergies/tc/allergic-rhinitis-overview Assessed October 24, 2016
Allergic Rhinitis http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/134825-overview Assessed November 16th, 2016