Generic Name: Zinc sulfate Brand Name(s): Zinc sulfate.

Uses

What is zinc sulfate used for?

Zinc is a naturally occurring mineral. Zinc is important for growth and for the development and health of body tissues.

Zinc sulfate is used to treat and to prevent zinc deficiency.

Zinc sulfate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

How should I take zinc sulfate?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Take zinc sulfate with a full glass of water.

Take zinc sulfate with food if it upsets your stomach.

How do I store zinc sulfate?

Zinc sulfate is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store zinc sulfate in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of zinc sulfate that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush zinc sulfate down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using zinc sulfate?

Before using this drug, tell your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
  • You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of zinc sulfate or other medications.
  • You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.

Avoid taking this medication with foods that are high in calcium or phosphorus, which can make it harder for your body to absorb zinc sulfate. Foods high in calcium or phosphorus include milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, dried beans or peas, lentils, nuts, peanut butter, beer, cola soft drinks, and hot cocoa.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using zinc sulfate during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking zinc sulfate. Zinc sulfate is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk
  • B=No risk in some studies
  • C=There may be some risk
  • D=Positive evidence of risk
  • X=Contraindicated
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from zinc sulfate?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • Nausea
  • Upset stomach

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with zinc sulfate?

Zinc sulfate may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with zinc sulfate?

Zinc sulfate may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with zinc sulfate?

Zinc sulfate may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using zinc sulfate.

What is the dose of zinc sulfate for an adult?

Usual Adult Dose for Dietary Supplement:

Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)-expressed as elemental zinc:

19 years and older:

  • Male: 11 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg)
  • Female: 9 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg)
  • Pregnancy: 11 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg)
  • Lactation: 12 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg)

Zinc sulfate injection: IV:

  • Metabolically stable adults receiving TPN: 2.5 to 4 mg zinc/day
  • Acute catabolic states on TPN: Additional 2 mg zinc per day is recommended.
  • Stable adult with fluid loss from the small bowel: Additional 12.2 mg zinc/liter of small bowel fluid lost, or an additional 17.1 mg zinc/kg of stool or ileostomy output is recommended.

What is the dose of zinc sulfate for a child?

Usual Pediatric Dose for Dietary Supplement:

Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)-expressed as elemental zinc:

0 to 6 months:

  • Male: 2 mg (Upper intake limit: 4 mg)
  • Female: 2 mg (Upper intake limit: 4 mg)

7 to 12 months:

  • Male: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 5 mg)
  • Female: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 5 mg)

1 to 3 years:

  • Male: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 7 mg)
  • Female: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 7 mg)

4 to 8 years:

  • Male: 5 mg (Upper intake limit: 12 mg)
  • Female: 5 mg (Upper intake limit: 12 mg)

9 to 13 years:

  • Male: 8 mg (Upper intake limit: 23 mg)
  • Female: 8 mg (Upper intake limit: 23 mg)

14 to 18 years:

  • Male: 11 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg)
  • Female: 9 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg)
  • Pregnancy: 12 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg)
  • Lactation: 13 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg)

Zinc sulfate injection: IV:

  • Full term infants and children up to 5 years of age: 100 mcg zinc/kg/day is recommended.
  • Premature infants (birth weight less than 1500 g) up to 3 kg in body weight: 300 mcg zinc/kg/day is recommended.

How is zinc sulfate available?

Zinc sulfate is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Tablet
  • Injection

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of zinc sulfate, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

 

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: November 20, 2017 | Last Modified: November 20, 2017