Generic Name: Vancocin CP Brand Name(s): Generics only. No brands available.

Uses

What is Vancocin® CP (vancomycin) used for?

Vancocin® CP is an antibiotic, which works by killing the bacteria causing the infection.

It is used to treat serious infections caused by bacteria (germs). These infections may occur in different parts of the body.

Vancocin® CP can also be used orally to treat serious infections involving the bowel.

How should I take Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Intravenously

Vancocin® CP is a sterile powder which is dissolved and diluted with suitable sterile fluids. It is given as a slow injection into a vein, known as a continuous infusion or a drip.

It will take at least 60 minutes for the solution containing your dose of Vancocin® CP to be infused into your vein.

Your doctor or nurse will prepare the infusion of Vancocin® CP for you.

Orally

Vancocin® CP may also be given as an oral solution to treat serious infections involving the bowel.

Your doctor or pharmacist may use flavouring to improve the taste of the solution.

How do I store Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Vancocin® is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Vancocin® in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Vancocin® that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Vancocin® down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Precautions & warnings

What should I know before using Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Before using this drug, tell your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
  • You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of Vancocin® or other medications.
  • You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using Vancocin® CP during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Vancocin® CP. Vancocin® CP is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk
  • B=No risk in some studies
  • C=There may be some risk
  • D=Positive evidence of risk
  • X=Contraindicated
  • N=Unknown

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Tell your doctor or nurse if you notice any of the following side effects and they worry you:

  • Stomach ache
  • Nausea
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain, swelling or red skin where injected
  • Difficulty hearing, dizziness or ringing in the ears

Tell your doctor or nurse immediately if you notice any of the following:

  • Irregular or fast heartbeat
  • Chest tightness
  • Wheezing or breathlessness
  • Itchy rash
  • Bleeding or bruising more easily than normal redness of the upper body
  • Pain and muscle spasm of the chest and back
  • Skin blister and bleeding in the lips, eyes, mouth, nose and genitals
  • Hearing loss

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Vancocin® CP may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Does food or alcohol interact with Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Vancocin® CP may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with Vancocin® CP (vancomycin)?

Vancocin® CP may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using Vancocin® CP (vancomycin).

What is the dose of Vancocin® CP (vancomycin) for an adult?

Pseudomembranous Colitis/Staphylococcal Enterocolitis

  1. difficile: the recommended dose is 125 mg PO q6hr for 10 days.
  2. enterocolitis: the recommended dose is 0.5-2 g/day PO divided q6-8hr for 7-10 days.

Because of cost of capsules, IV solution is sometimes compounded for PO use.

Endocarditis

The recommended dose is 500 mg IV q6hr or 1 g IV q12hr.

Preoperative Antimicrobial Prophylaxis (Off-label)

Gastrointestinal [GI] and genitourinary [GU] procedures: the recommended dose is 1 g IV by slow infusion over 1 hour, beginning 1-2 hours before procedure (with or without gentamicin 1.5 mg/kg; not to exceed 120 mg IV or IM <30 minutes before procedure).

Surgical Prophylaxis (Off-label)

(Prophylaxis of infection in cardiac, thoracic, and arterial procedures; craniotomy; joint replacement; amputation)

The recommended dose is 15 mg/kg IV over 1-2 hr; begin administration within 2 hr before incision; duration of prophylaxis for most procedures should be <24 hr.

What is the dose of Vancocin® CP (vancomycin) for a child?

Endocarditis

<1 month: the recommended dose is 15 mg/kg followed by 10 mg/kg IV q12hr for neonates in first week of life and q8hr thereafter up to 1 month of age; longer dosing intervals recommended in premature infants.

>1 month: the recommended dose is 10 mg/kg/day IV divided q6hr; individual dose not to exceed 1 g.

Current AHA guidelines recommend using only for high-risk patients.

Preoperative Antimicrobial Prophylaxis

GI and GU procedures: the recommended dose is 20 mg/kg IV by slow infusion over 1 hour, beginning 1 hour before procedure (with or without gentamicin 1.5 mg/kg; not to exceed 120 mg IV or IM <30 minutes before procedure).

Bacterial Meningitis

The recommended dose is 15-20 mg/kg IV q6hr.

Pseudomembranous Colitis

The recommended dose is 40 mg/kg/day PO divided q6-8hr for 7-10 days; not to exceed 2 g/day.

Other Infections

The recommended dose is 40 mg/kg/day IV divided q6hr.

How is Vancocin® CP (vancomycin) available?

Vancocin® CP is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Vancoin CP vial for injection: 500 mg or 1 g vancomycin hydrochloride

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Vancocin® CP, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: May 14, 2017 | Last Modified: May 14, 2017

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